Field oriented control of a permanent magnet synchronous motor using space vector modulated direct AC-AC matrix converter

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2012
Yıldırım, Doğan
The study designs and constructs a three-phase to three-phase direct AC–AC matrix converter based surface mounted permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) drive system. First, the matrix converter topologies are analyzed and the state-space equations describing the system have been derived in terms of the input and output variables. After that, matrix converter commutation and modulation methods are investigated. A four-step commutation technique based on output current direction provides safe commutation between the matrix converter switches. Then, the matrix converter is simulated for both the open-loop and the closed-loop control. For the closed-loop control, a current regulator (PI controller) controls the output currents and their phase angles. Advanced pulse width modulation and control techniques, such as space vector pulse width modulation and field oriented control, have been used for the closed-loop control of the system. Next, a model of diode-rectified two-level voltage source inverter is developed for simulations. A comparative study of indirect space vector modulated direct matrix converter and space vector modulated diode-rectified two-level voltage source inverter is given in terms of input/output waveforms to verify that the matrix converter fulfills the two-level voltage source inverter operation. Following the verification of matrix converter operation comparing with the diode-rectified two-level voltage source inverter, the simulation model of permanent magnet motor drive system is implemented. Also, a direct matrix converter prototype is constructed for experimental verifications of the results. As a first step in experimental works, filter types are investigated and a three-phase input filter is constructed to reduce the harmonic pollution. Then, direct matrix converter power circuitry and gate-driver circuitry are designed and constructed. To control the matrix switches, the control algorithm is implemented using a DSP and a FPGA. This digital control system measures the output currents and the input voltages with the aid of sensors and controls the matrix converter switches to produce the required PWM pattern to synthesize the reference input current and output voltage vectors, as well. Finally, the simulation results are tested and supported by laboratory experiments involving both an R-L load and a permanent magnet synchronous motor load. During the tests, the line-to-line supply voltage is set to 26 V peak value and a 400 V/3.5 kW surface mounted permanent magnet motor is used.