Microwave assisted sythesis of rare earth ions doped lanthanum orthoborate, their characterizations and investigations of luminescence properties

Badan, Cansın
Lanthanum orthoborate (LaBO3) has aroused interest of scientists for many decades because of their remarkable properties and potential applications. They provide favorable magnetic properties for various applications. Additionally, they possess high VUV transparency and exceptional optical damage when they compose with rare earth elements. This study comprises the synthesis of pure lanthanum orthoborate, europium, dysprosium and terbium doped lanthanum orthoborate by two methods with v three fuels, citric acid, glycine and urea. LaBO3 has already been synthesized by various methods, however; in this work, two alternative roads are suggested, microwave assisted method and sol-gel microwave assisted method. The second task of the work is to find out the best luminescent product by altering the synthesis conditions, type of the doping material and the doping amount of the rare earth element. For the microwave assisted combustion method, urea was used as a fuel. After synthesis in the microwave oven, further heating up to 950° C was performed. For the microwave assisted sol-gel method, citric acid and glycine were used. After obtaining the gel mixture, the product is synthesized in the microwave oven at 1200 W for ten minutes. For this route, again 950° C heating for 2 hours was performed. Powder X-ray diffraction method was employed for the characterization of the material. The morphological properties of doped and un-doped materials were studied by SEM (Scanning Electron Microscope) and TEM (Transmission Electron Microscope). Besides, FT-IR (Fourier Transform Infra red) spectrometry analyses were performed to detect the differences in the bond structure and also to identify the corresponding bands. Luminescence studies were performed to detect the best emission intensities by using Fluorescence spectroscopy. The XRD patterns confirmed that lanthanum orthoborate production was successful by three precursors. The space group is Pnma, and the crystal system is orthorhombic with the unit cell dimensions; a= 5.8761(1) Ǻ, b= 5.10535(9) Ǻ c= 8.252(1) Ǻ. SEM images showed that lanthanum orthoborate powders tend to agglomerate and have a disordered morphology. Products synthesized by vi three precursors gave different particle sizes and it is observed that the dopant has an effect on the size. FT-IR studies show the typical LABO3 bands which also corroborate the successful production. Luminescence studies showed that urea precursor gives rise to the most intensive emission intensities


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Citation Formats
C. Badan, “Microwave assisted sythesis of rare earth ions doped lanthanum orthoborate, their characterizations and investigations of luminescence properties,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2012.