Identification and localization on a wireless magnetic sensor network

Baghaee, Sajjad
This study focused on using magnetic sensors for localization and identification of targets with a wireless sensor network (WSN). A wireless sensor network with MICAz motes was set up utilizing a centralized tree-based system. The MTS310, which is equipped with a 2-axis magnetic sensor was used as the sensor board on MICAz motes. The use of magnetic sensors in wireless sensor networks is a topic that has gained limited attention in comparison to that of other sensors. Research has generally focused on the detection of large ferromagnetic targets (e.g., cars and airplanes). Moreover, the changes in the magnetic field intensity measured by the sensor have been used to obtain simple information, such as target direction or whether or not the target has passed a certain point. This work aims at understanding the sensing limitations of magnetic sensors by considering small-scale targets moving within a 30 cm radius. Four heavy iron bars were used as test targets in this study. Target detection, identification and sequential localization were accomplished using the Minimum Euclidean Distance (MED) method. The results show the accuracy of this method for this job. Different forms of sensor sensing region discretization were considered. Target identification was done on the boundaries of sensing regions. Different gateways were selected as entrance point for identification point and the results of them were compared with each other. An online ILS system was implemented and continuous movements of the ferromagnetic objects were monitored. The undesirable factors which affect the measurements were discussed and techniques to reduce or eliminate faulty measurements are presented. A magnetic sensor orientation detector and set/reset strap have been designed and fabricated. Orthogonal Matching Pursuit (OMP) algorithm was proposed for multiple sensors multiple target case in ILS systems as a future work. This study can then be used to design energy-efficient, intelligent magnetic sensor networks


Ferromagnetic Target Detection and Localization with a Wireless Sensor Network
Antepli, Mehmet Akif; Gurbuz, Sevgi Zubeyde; Uysal, Elif (2010-11-03)
This work attempts to address challenges of using magnetic sensors for target detection, localization and tracking with a wireless sensor network (WSN). A WSN comprised of magnetic sensors was constructed to investigate the modeling, detection, and localization of ferrous targets. The system was established as a centralized tree-based wireless network with a PC acting as the fusion center. A heavy cylindrical iron bar was used as a test target and modeled as a magnetic dipole. The magnetic signal models use...
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İncebacak, Davut; Baykal, Nazife; Bıçakcı, Kemal; Department of Information Systems (2013)
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are composed of battery powered small sensor nodes with limited processing, memory and energy resources. Self organization property together with infrastructureless characteristics of WSNs make them favorable solutions for many applications. Algorithms and protocols developed for WSNs must consider the characteristics and constraints of WSNs but since battery replenishment is not possible or highly challenging for sensor nodes, one of the major concerns in designing network p...
Automated Moving Object Classification in Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks
Civelek, Muhsin; Yazıcı, Adnan (2017-02-15)
The use of wireless multimedia sensor networks (WMSNs) for surveillance applications has attracted the interest of many researchers. As with traditional sensor networks, it is easy to deploy and operate WMSNs. With inclusion of multimedia devices in wireless sensor networks, it is possible to provide data to users that is more meaningful than that provided by scalar sensor-based systems alone; however, producing, storing, processing, analyzing, and transmitting multimedia data in sensor networks requires co...
Routing and security in wireless sensor networks, an experimental evaluation of a proposed trust based routing protocol
Chalabianloo, Niaz; İşler, Veysi; Department of Computer Engineering (2013)
Satisfactory results obtained from sensor networks and the ongoing development in electronics and wireless communications have led to an impressive boost in the number of applications based on WSNs. Along with the growth in popularity of WSNs, previously implemented solutions need further improvements and new challenges arise which need to be solved. One of the main concerns regarding WSNs is the existence of security threats against their routing operations. Likelihood of security attacks in a structure su...
Application and Modeling of a Magnetic WSN for Target Localization
Baghaee, Sajjad; GÜRBÜZ, SEVGİ ZÜBEYDE; Uysal, Elif (2013-04-12)
The aim of this study is modeling ferromagnetic targets for localization and identification of such objects by a wireless sensor network (WSN). MICAz motes were used for setting up a wireless sensor network utilizing a centralized tree-based system. The detection and tracking of ferromagnetic objects is an important application of WSNs. This research focuses on analyzing the sensing limitations of magnetic sensors via tests conducted on small-scale targets which are moving within a 30 cm radius around the s...
Citation Formats
S. Baghaee, “Identification and localization on a wireless magnetic sensor network,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2012.