The Idea of human rights and its transformation in the context of international order

Gedik, Tahie Enes
The 20th century can be characterized by the triumph of human rights; however, it also witnessed most atrocious events in history. After two world wars, genocides, and countless human rights violations, the burden of this crude fact is still weighing down. Nevertheless, human rights become the intellectual moral currency of our age. The aim of this thesis is to argue that, contrary to what it appears to be, human rights are not moral promises to be fulfilled but a specific way of doing politics which would be meaningful within the broad framework of power relations. The thesis focuses on the analysis of the emergence and development of human rights which provide a ground for the shift from the international order based on conceptualization of sovereign power of individual states to the new world order based on the moral conceptualization of human rights.