Psychosocial Correlates of Breast Self Examination and Mammography

Yılmaz, Tuğba
The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between psychosocial correlates (big 5 personality traits, dispositional optimism, the Health Belief Model, breast cancer fear, mammography self efficacy, and social support) and breast self examination (BSE) and mammography in breast cancer-free women. In order to measure the social support of the participants, the MOS social support survey was adapted to Turkish culture in the scope of study 1. The sample of the study 1 included 241 participants. The analyses showed that Turkish version of the MOS social support survey had satisfactory psychometric properties. The sample of the study 2 was composed of 230 asymptomatic women for breast cancer. Independent samples t-test results indicated that among the Health Belief Model notions, perceived benefit, barrier, confidence, and health motivation significantly differentiated women who practiced BSE and who did not. However, the HBM notions were not able to differentiate women who had mammography and who did not have. Instead, social support significantly clarified the difference between v women who had mammography and women who did not have. Two hierarchical logistic regression analyses were carried out for BSE and mammography. Big 5 personality traits and dispositional optimism were entered at the first step. The HBM factors and self efficacy were entered at the second step. Breast cancer fear was added at the third step; and for the last step social support measures were added to the equation. For BSE, hierarchical logistic regression yielded no significant predictors but BSE confidence and susceptibility from the HBM. For mammography, the hierarchical logistic analysis resulted that only functional support, which was entered at the fourth step was significant. The strengths and limitations, as well as the implications of the findings, were discussed.


Does Marital Adjustment Mediate Type C Personality-Depressive Symptoms Relation? A Comparison between Breast Cancer Patients and Cancer-Free Women
Bozo Özen, Özlem; Eldogan, Dilay (2019-10-01)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between Type C personality and depressive symptoms in breast cancer patients, and to examine if marital adjustment mediates this relation. The data was collected from 98 married breast cancer patients undergoing post-operative chemotherapy treatment. Also, 97 married cancer-free women were included in the study as the comparison group to test whether the proposed relationship is typical only to breast cancer patients. Regression analyses indicated th...
The Moderating Role of Different Sources of Perceived Social Support on the Dispositional Optimism- Posttraumatic Growth Relationship in Postoperative Breast Cancer Patients
Bozo Özen, Özlem; Buyukasik-Colak, Canan (SAGE Publications, 2009-10-01)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the dispositional optimism-posttraumatic growth (PTG) relationship in postoperative breast cancer patients and to examine if perceived social support moderates this relationship. The study was conducted with 104 women undergoing postoperative chemotherapy treatment or coming to the hospital for their routine controls. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses indicated that breast cancer survivors high on dispositional optimism and perceived social support, are m...
The differentiation of emotions of guilt and shame in the adolescents with maternal breast cancer
Kaçmaz, Lale Belgü; Gençöz, Faruk; Department of Psychology (2011)
This study aimed at revealing and differentiating the emotions of shame and guilt felt by the adolescents with maternal cancer. In order to reveal and differentiate these emotions, a sentence completion task and interviews were used. The study was conducted on 10 adolescents in age range of 16-20. With each participant, four private sessions were made. In the first session, the participant’s knowledge of his/her mother’s condition was evaluated through the Sentence Completion Test. In the second session, Pa...
The mediating roles of coping styles and perceived social support between dispositional hope and posttraumatic growth/ptsd relationships among postoperative breast cancer patients: a longitudinal study
Yola, İrem; Bozo Özen, Özlem; Department of Psychology (2011)
The aim of the study was to test three mediation and a moderation models in order to investigate the mediating role of coping styles and both mediating and moderating roles of perceived social support between dispositional hope-posttraumatic growth/PTSD relationships among postoperative breast cancer patients. Accordingly, it was hypothesized that 1) Problem-focused coping styles (PFC) would mediate the relationship between dispositional hope and posttraumatic growth among postoperative breast cancer patien...
The effect of dispositional optimism on posttraumatic growth: Testing the moderator role of ways of coping between dispositional optimism and posttraumatic growth in Turkish breast cancer patients
Bozo Özen, Özlem; Gündoğdu-Aktürk, Elçin (2008-06-01)
The aim of the present study was to examine if coping strategies mediate dispositional optimism–posttraumatic growth relation in postoperative breast cancer patients. The data were collected from 90 patients in two hospitals. Regression analyses revealed that problem-focused coping fully mediated dispositional optimism–posttraumatic growth relation, but emotion-focused coping did not. That is, postoperative breast cancer patients who were optimistic were more likely to use problem-focused coping strategies ...
Citation Formats
T. Yılmaz, “Psychosocial Correlates of Breast Self Examination and Mammography,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2012.