The bifurcation of political Islam in Turkey : the case of the People's Voice party

Arslan, Nursel
This study aims to show why there was a schism within National Outlook (Milli Görüş, MG) in Turkey during 2000s, why political Islamist parties having different discourse from MG emerged, and more specifically why and how People's Voice Party (Halkın Sesi Partisi - HAS Party) differed from MG and political Islamist parties. The argument of this study is that socioeconomic factors have played an important role in differentiation of political Islam in Turkey and transformation of MG. Consequently, I tried to find why the HAS Party came about on the basis of the transformation of the MG movement, considering the effects of the changes in socioeconomic and political fields on MG/political Islam. In this respect, I took advantage of the interview done with some senior staff of the HAS Party, and İhsan Eliaçık, a HAS Party supporter, through semi-structured questions; of the comparison of party programs; of the articles in the press on the HAS Party; of the statements and articles of party representatives, as well as of the literature in question. It has been seen that different parties have emerged from MG due to socioeconomic changes, as well as to internal and external factors. While there have not been more changes morally in political Islamist parties apart from expressing Islamist notions or values in a common language, it has been seen that the ideas in the field of economy could change accordingly to the current year, and that this change showed parallelism with the development process of capitalism. It can be said that MG-based people within the HAS Party did not ideologically dissent from the SP, that they secede because of not being able to make the changes they wanted in the party’s politics, that therefore the HAS Party was a follow-up party of the MG, taking Islam as a reference and giving great importance to personal conservatism and religious education, and that it had a different approach from the traditional MG in terms of economy and external relations. It can be said also that the most important difference of the HAS Party compared to other political İslamist parties is that it finds itself under the same roof with socialists, having thus the characteristics of a social democratic party with Islamist spirit..


The relationship between cross-cutting exposure and political tolerance: the case of Turkey
Paksoy, Cansu; Cingöz Ulu, Banu; Department of Psychology (2017)
Political tolerance is a crucial issue in Turkey due to potential political polarization, prolonged inter-ethnic conflicts, and negative views toward minorities. This study examines the relationship between cross-cutting exposure and political tolerance based on the beneficial consequences of cross-cutting exposure for deliberation (i.e., unbiased information seeking, ambivalence, a realistic perspective towards one’s own view). The present study replicates the hypothesis that cross-cutting discussion (i.e....
Secession and fragmentation in tevhidi islamic communities: believing subject vs. believing community
Çapık, Kenan; Yıldırım, Erdoğan; Department of Sociology (2014)
This thesis aims to descriptively analyze islamist communities/NGO’s in Ankara with respect to how they construct their religious identity and we-and-others dichotomy and to understand the theoretical and practical reasons of secession and fragmentation among islamist groups and NGO’s which have been widespread since the blossoming of Islamism in Turkey. On the background I will be questioning whether Islamism intrinsically carries an exclusionist and dichotomist discourse. The study also aims to shed light...
The Historical Roots of Right-Wing Populism in Turkey: A Spatial Examination of the DP, ANAP, and AKP Governments
Çınar, Süleyman Kürşat (2023-2-01)
This article aims to explore the continuities and changes in Turkish political history by examining three predominant, populist right-wing political parties in Turkish multi-party politics: Democrat Party (DP), Motherland Party (ANAP), and Justice and Development Party (AKP). The article utilizes correlative and spatial analyses to juxtapose these three cases to find out path dependencies and critical junctures in Turkish political history. The commonalities in these cases are the clear linkages of incumben...
The Erdoganization of Turkish politics and the role of the opposition
Selcuk, Orcun; Hekimci, Dilara; Erpul, Onur (2019-10-01)
This article examines the personalization of Turkish politics during Recep Tayyip Erdogan's third term as prime minister. While many studies focus on the prime minister's growing personal domination of the executive branch, we consider how leaders of the opposition reflected and reinforced that trend. To test our hypotheses on this 'Erdoganization,' we employed a content analysis to consider Kemal Kilicdaroglu and Devlet Bahceli's speeches at weekly parliamentary group meetings of the CHP and the MHP. Our f...
The theme of Jewish conspiracy in Turkish nationalism: the case of Cevat Rifat Atilhan
Karaca, Özen; Erdoğan, Necmi; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2008)
This study analyzes the discourse of Cevat Rıfat Atilhan, a leading anti-Semite figure and a conspiracy theorist in Turkish politics. The principal aim of this analysis is to shed light on Atilhan’s conspiratorial mindset which has a considerable influence on anti-Semitism in contemporary Turkey. To this aim, conspiracy theories and anti-Semitism, two main components of Atilhan’s discourse are examined in relation to each other from the perspective of nationalist discourse. This study argues that conspiracy...
Citation Formats
N. Arslan, “The bifurcation of political Islam in Turkey : the case of the People’s Voice party ,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2012.