Perceived social support, academic self-efficacy and demographic characteristics as predictors of perceived stress among Turkish graduate students in the USA

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2012
Çayırdağ, Nur
The purpose of the present study is to examine the perceived stress of Turkish graduate students in the U.S.A., based on Cognitive Appraisal Theory of Stress, by looking at their perceived social support, academic self-efficacy, length of residence in the United States, gender, age, status in the degree of study, sponsorship, perceived income, previous travel experience, TOEFL scores, and perceived English proficiency. The participants of the study were 276 Turkish graduate students attending colleges and universities in the United States. Four instruments - the demographic information form, the perceived stress scale, the multidimensional scale of perceived social support, and the academic self-efficacy scale - were used. Results showed that predictors explained 38% of the total variance. Among all of the predictors, gender, perceived income and academic self-efficacy significantly contribute to the model. When individual contributions to the predictors were examined, academic self-efficacy was the strongest predictor of the perceived stress. Since academic self-efficacy is the strongest predictor of perceived stress, a multiple regression analysis was conducted to show which variables predict the academic self-efficacy. Gender, perceived income, English proficiency, and social support significantly explain the academic self-efficacy. There were not any significant differences between groups’ perceived stress scores according to marital status, department type, degree of study and living conditions. The only significant group difference was between students who were working and not working.

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Citation Formats
N. Çayırdağ, “Perceived social support, academic self-efficacy and demographic characteristics as predictors of perceived stress among Turkish graduate students in the USA,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2012.