A Finite element model for partially restrained steel beam to column connections

Köseoğlu, Ahmet
In the analyses of steel framed structures it is customary to assume the beam to column connections as either fully rigid which means that all moments are transferred from beam to column with negligible rotation or ideally pinned that resists negligible moment. This assumption is reasonable for some types of connections. However when considering steel connections such as bolted-bolted double web angle connections it can be seen that the behavior of these connections is in between the two extreme cases. Thus a third connection type, namely semi rigid or partially restrained connection, is introduced. However this type of connection exhibits such a nonlinear behavior that modeling this behavior necessities a substantial effort. Moreover to perform a performance based analyses the true behavior of these connections should be incorporated as part of the modeling effort. Several researches dealing with these two topics have been undertaken in literature. Despite these efforts, modeling of the moment rotation behavior of these connections still requires improvement especially under cyclic loading conditions. In addition to this, performing an analysis with existing elements incorporating semi-rigid connections as a spring attached to beam ends is not practical because of the fact that displacement based formulation increases meshing significantly which requires substantial computational power. In this study a hysteretic (quadra-linear) moment rotation model considering pinching, damage and possibility of residual moment capacity is developed. The behavior is calibrated via experimental data available in the literature. Furthermore a force based macro element considering spread inelastic behavior along the element is presented. With this element several connections located anywhere along the beam could be incorporated in the analysis with less degree of freedom with respect to displacement based elements. Moreover the macro element model can be used in conjunction with corotational formulation for the capture of nonlinear geometric effects.
Citation Formats
A. Köseoğlu, “A Finite element model for partially restrained steel beam to column connections,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2013.