Experimental and finite element analysis of rotary draw tube bending process

Dere, Fatih
Rotary draw bending, which has very good flexibility and easy tooling, is one of the most preferred bending types for tubular profiles. Cross-section distortion and the spring-back phenomena are commonly faced problems in bending processes. Spring-back is the inevitable problem that is to be solved by manufacturer, generally by overbending. For hollow tubes cross-section distortion is another difficulty since using hollow tubes results in higher strain rates and distortions. During the process the thickness of the hollow tube at the inner surface, which is contacting with the die, increases and the thickness of the tube at the outer surface decreases. Wrinkling is another important defect that occurs at the inner surface of the tube in large diameter thin walled tube bendings. This research compares the experimental results with the finite element analysis of the rotary draw bending process. The aim is to obtain bending characteristics of the two material types, SS304 and St37 and so, to reduce the number of the bending in manufacturing. The main parameters in rotary draw bending process are the bending angle, bend radius, material properties and the geometry of the tube that is to be bent. In this study, to deal with the process, two different materials, three different bending angles and three different tube geometries are used in experiments as well as in finite element analysis. In finite element analysis explicit method is used. It is seen that the experimental results are in good agreement with the numerical results


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Citation Formats
F. Dere, “Experimental and finite element analysis of rotary draw tube bending process,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2014.