Freedom and creativity in Bergson's Philosophy

Özyurt, Esen
The purpose of this study is to make sense of the notion of freedom in Bergson‘s philosophy. Bergson‘s original approach to the problem of free will is the application of the notion of duration to solve this problem. For Bergson, the problem of free will arises from a misconceived framework which is based on reducing time to space. Throughout the thesis, we tried to show how the notion of duration allows Bergson to reformulate and solve the problem of free will. For that purpose the method of intuition as the method to understand the notion of duration is also elucidated. In the light of the method of intuition and the notion of duration, free acts can be seen as the creative acts of the fundamental self. We arrive at the conclusion that freedom in Bergson‘s philosophy can be understood as a kind of creativity.


Bergson’s method of intuition: towards a philosophy of life /
Koçkan, Zöhre; Çırakman, Elif; Department of Philosophy (2014)
The purpose of this study is to show how a possible philosophy of life can arise by following Bergson’s method of intuition and to make emphasis on how Bergson’s two fundamental notions (intuition and duration) are capable of grasping the flux of life. The scientific methods, static concepts and classical philosophy are not able to understand the flow of life. Throughout this study it is pointed out a possible philosophy that is able to grasp the flow and the evolution of life. For this aim, Bergson’s metho...
Freedom in the social context: the positions of Aristotle and Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Aytemir, Nesil; Ceylan, Yasin; Turan, Şeref Halil; Department of Philosophy (2018)
This thesis aims at examining and comparing the concept of freedom in the social context from the viewpoints of Aristotle (384–322 BC) and Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778). In order to do that, Aristotle’s ideas on slavery, the position of women in city-state, freedom of citizens, and democracy are emphasized for his position; and Rousseau’s ideas on state of nature, social contract theory, and ideal education are stressed on for his position. As both Aristotle and Rousseau mainly seek for an ideal system ...
Reconsidering the Kantian concept of genius through the questions of nature, freedom and creativity
Ertene, Merve; Çırakman, Elif; Department of Philosophy (2012)
In this thesis, the role and the significance of the Kantian theory of art and concept of genius in Kant’s system is examined. In this examination, it is aimed to answer the question of the meaning of being human in Kant’s system through art and artist. To this end, Kant’s consideration of art from the spectator’s standpoint and ignorance of artist’s perspective are criticized. In conformity with this criticism, throughout the thesis, depending on Kant’s conceptualization of the genius, the artist’s perspec...
Free will and determinism: are they even relevant to each other?
Çağatay, Hasan; Grünberg, Teo; Department of Philosophy (2012)
Many philosophers tend to defend the view that there is a significant relation between the problem of determinism / indeterminism and the problem of free will. The belief that there exists such a significant relation is supported by our intuitions; however, in this thesis, I defend just the opposite view: free will has no significant dependence on the deterministic or indeterministic character of causal relations. In the same way, I propose that the question, whether or not determinism is true, cannot be an...
Dualities in bergson revisited: towards a reconciliation?
Karahan, Gülizar; Çırakman, Elif; Department of Philosophy (2008)
The aim of this study is to make an inquiry on the nature and the development of dualities in Bergson’s philosophy. Since the nature of each duality differs from the others and the dualistic pattern inherent in Bergsonian philosophy is subject to change, we base our study on a chronological structure in order to comprehend better how this pattern changes. We claim that such an inquiry will yield relevant outcomes with regard to ontological and epistemological evolution of Bergson’s thought. To state more pr...
Citation Formats
E. Özyurt, “Freedom and creativity in Bergson’s Philosophy,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2013.