An Investigation of young children’s informal fraction knowledge

Utku, Burcu
The purpose of this study was to investigate five-year-old children’s informal knowledge about basic fraction concept in terms of part-whole relationship, one-half, one-third and quarter concept. The sample of the study consisted of 27 preschool age children living in Çankaya district of Ankara. The research has been realized by qualitative design and data were collected through interviews in one-to-one settings. The interview questions were prepared by the researcher under the supervision of both early childhood education and mathematics education researchers. Appropriate materials were prepared and used to represent the concepts of halves, thirds and quarters during the interviews. Findings of the study indicated that, most of the five-year-old children had their own understanding about part-whole relationship and half concept based on their informal knowledge which can be considered as meaningful. Furthermore, according to perception of preschool children, half concept was related with the division of whole into two parts. In particular, equality of the parts was not important for preschool children in the half concept. Also, it was observed that, children’s knowledge about quarters was highly related with the concept of half. In addition, preschool children were aware of equal sharing of four parts among four persons through one-to-one matching. On the other hand, results indicated that for-five-year old children, concept of one-third could be considered as difficult.


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Citation Formats
B. Utku, “An Investigation of young children’s informal fraction knowledge,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2013.