The Political analysis of the muslim brotherhood and the akp tradition : why did turkish model fail in egypt?

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2013
Arslantaş, Düzgün
This thesis aims to analyze the transformation of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt and the AKP tradition in Turkey with a reference to the model debate. Actually, toppling of the Mubarak regime following an uprising that started on 25th of January 2011, has changed the political map of Egypt. The Muslim Brotherhood-backed Freedom and Justice Party’s (FJP) victory in post-revolutionary period in legislative elections and Mohammed Morsi’s taking of office in presidential elections revealed that Islamists were to be the strongest actor in the new political landscape. Nonetheless, AKP government’s positive stance towards the Muslim Brotherhood and Turkish foreign policy activism in the Middle East during the Arab Spring has opened a debate concerning a Turkish model in Egypt. What further strengthened this trend were the views of the leaders of the Muslim Brotherhood which refer Turkey as a model. However, the polarization of the Egyptian society on domestic issues led to the military intervention of 3 July 2013 and hence, ended the model debate. Considering the historical account of both the Muslim Brotherhood and the AKP, this thesis reaches to the conclusion that the Turkish model failed in Egypt that is attributed to five main reasons; namely (1) different meanings and functions of the west and westernization in these two countries, (2) the existence of strong political rivalry for the Muslim Brotherhood, (3) the lack of political experience of the FJP in power, (4) the army’s strong role in Egyptian politics and (5) different economic structures of both countries

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Citation Formats
D. Arslantaş, “The Political analysis of the muslim brotherhood and the akp tradition : why did turkish model fail in egypt?,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2013.