EFL instructors’ cognitions and actions in relation to foreign language learning and teaching processes

Download
2014
Öztürk, Mustafa
The purpose of this study is to investigate EFL instructors’ language learning cognitions regarding linguistic aptitude, priorities in language learning, and good language learners; and language teaching actions with respect to pedagogical inclinations, instructional planning, error correction, learner-centeredness, and personal and professional development. The study also aims to describe the patterns of the relationships existing among those variables and examine the sources contributing to teachers’ cognitive and behavioural development. The participants consisted of 606 EFL instructors teaching in 15 different higher education institutions in Ankara, Turkey. The data were collected through a single, cross-sectional inventory titled EFL Instructors’ Cognitions and Actions Inventory). The data were analyzed through descriptive and inferential statistics by using frequency distribution tables, percentages, means, standard deviations, t-tests, ANOVAs, Pearson correlation coefficients, and canonical correlation. The descriptive results concerning language learning cognitions indicated that the participants tended to adopt: an interactionist perspective emphasizing the significance of the environment around individuals learning a language; a performance-oriented approach focusing on real-life functions of language skills and areas; and a slight orientation to legislative learners who can create their own rules and decide on their own priorities. On the other hand, they seemed to employ: both traditional/conservative and innovative/liberal pedagogies; communicative practices in error correction and instructional planning; learner-centeredness; and personal and professional development attempts in their language teaching actions. The inferential analyses revealed that the participants’ cognitions and actions on certain aspects differed in relation to age, teaching experience, and academic background. Furthermore, the participants having competence-oriented approach and executive learner preferences would exhibit adherence to traditional (conservative) pedagogy, but divergence from communicative practices in instructional planning and error correction. Similarly, the participants disfavouring legislative learners would tend to diverge from communicative practices in instructional planning and error correction; on the contrary they would reflect a tendency towards traditional (conservative) pedagogy.

Suggestions

EFL student and instructor perceptions of pair and group work speaking activities: a case study at a state university in Turkey
İlkyaz Akın, İnci Nur; Savaş, Perihan; Department of English Literature (2018)
The aim of this study was to investigate the perceptions of English preparatory school students and their language instructors of the implication of pair and group work speaking activities in English as a Foreign Language (EFL) classes. The study was conducted as a case study with 496 English as a foreign language (EFL) students and nine instructors of English language in the preparatory school of a state university in Ankara, Turkey. The data for this study were collected through a questionnaire administer...
Investigation of psycho-social factors that affect english pronunciation preference of efl learners: the relationship between in-class injunctive norms for English pronunciation and fear of negative evaluation in elt classrooms
Ölçü, Zeynep; Yemenici, Alev; Department of English Literature (2008)
This thesis aims to investigate socio-psychological factors that affect foreign language learners’ pronunciation and focuses on the relationship between in-class injunctive norms for English pronunciation and Fear of Negative Evaluation (FNE). Injunctive norms are a type of social norms that define the expected behavior from the group members and sanctions for disobedience. They are evaluative in their nature. FNE is one of the three components of foreign language classroom anxiety and experienced when a pe...
A comparison of efl teachers’ perceptions of language learning strategies (llss) and learners’ reported use of llss in their english language classes
Şen, Hülya; Daloğlu, Ayşegül; Department of English Language Teaching (2009)
This study aims to find out teachers’ and learners’ perception of language learning strategies (LLSs). Three psycho-social variables regarding the teachers’ use of strategy instruction at Başkent University were considered: 1. Level of awareness of language learning strategies 2. Beliefs in the effectiveness of language learning strategies 3. Ease of strategy instruction. These results were compared with the students’ reported use of LLSs to increase our awareness of students’ strategy use and needs so that...
Facilitating english as a foreign language learners’ vocabulary learning, task completion and contextual vocabulary exploration processes in a mobile supported situated learning environment
Uz Bilgin, Çiğdem; Tokel, Saniye Tuğba; Yalçın, Şenöm Tuğba; Department of Computer Education and Instructional Technology (2016)
The aim of this study was to investigate how vocabulary learning, task completion, and contextual vocabulary exploration processes of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners can be facilitated in a mobile supported situated learning environment. METU Science and Technology Museum which is a large, open space populated with interactive science exhibits was chosen as an authentic learning environment. Mobile system which includes instructions of the experiments and also provides dictionary and visual def...
Investigating ELT instructors' perceived competencies: challenges and suggestions
Canbolat, Nilay; Daloğlu, Ayşegül; Department of English Literature (2013)
This study aims at finding out instructors’ perceived competencies in Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) and Ministry of Education (MONE) competencies, and accordingly exploring strengths and weaknesses of the ELT undergraduate program as well as providing suggestions for a more effective and fruitful program. At the first phase of the research, a questionnaire is given to seventy-five participants, working in the department of Foreign Languages at various universities. For the secon...
Citation Formats
M. Öztürk, “EFL instructors’ cognitions and actions in relation to foreign language learning and teaching processes,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2014.