The Effect of enriched course materials about motion on nineth grade sighted and totally blind students’ achievement, motivation, attitude, perception of learning environment and interaction in inclusive classes

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2014
Bülbül, Mustafa Şahin
The purpose of this study is to compensate the totally blind students’ disadvantage position in physics courses by developing course materials which let them use different senses and investigate the effect of these materials on the totally blind and sighted students’ achievement, motivation and attitude towards the physics course and perceptions about their learning environment. In accordance with this purpose, a quasi-experimental study was conducted in two independent cases. These cases are selected because there was no other school in Ankara which includes totally blind student in 9th grades. Student identification form, motion achievement test, and motivation and attitude questionnaire are given to both experimental and control groups. Both groups followed the formal textbook but the experimental group which the totally blind student is member of this group additionally used enriched course vi materials. During the treatment, totally blind students are observed in terms of their interaction types and frequencies. At the end of the treatment additional to post-tests, a learning environment questionnaire and a form about the students’ interaction are given to all groups. Descriptive statistics and some effect size values indicated that the totally blind students and their friends in the experimental group have higher achievement than students in the control groups. Moreover, their motivation and attitude towards the physics course and perceptions about their learning environment increase positively. On the other hand, using only textbook change the all control group students’ motivation and attitude towards the physics course and perceptions about learning environment negatively. It was observed that the totally blind students used course materials, asked questions, answered, commented, and gave examples during the treatment in motion unit. Based on the success of enrich course materials, this study suggest to develop more materials which support the disadvantaged students like blinds for inclusive classes.

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Citation Formats
M. Ş. Bülbül, “The Effect of enriched course materials about motion on nineth grade sighted and totally blind students’ achievement, motivation, attitude, perception of learning environment and interaction in inclusive classes,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2014.