Urban restructuring process of Antalya walled-town and the roles of stakeholders

Alpan, Açalya
With the establishment of SPI (State Planning Institution) in 1960, Turkey entered the ‘planned period’, and ‘planning’ became the major means of the State for realizing its intentions and producing or reproducing space. However, it is argued in the dissertation that another major agent in these production and reproduction processes is ‘society’, which generates its own tools of sanction to impose its will on the space. As a result, space is actually reproduced both by the State and by society and what is actually formed is a hybrid product. The reproduction of the present-day Walled-Town of Antalya has been a product of such a process, in which the generating factor is tourism. Since the transition into the planned period in Turkey, tourism has been seen as a major resource to overcome foreign income deficit. The State usually applied mass tourism policies in the coastal areas, particularly in the Aegean and Mediterranean. These policies dominantly depended upon ‘sun-sand-sea’ tourism. As a result of these policies, Antalya region soon became a target of development as the main tourism center of Turkey and a period of a series of plans launched. Apart from mass tourism mainly based upon the sun-sand-sea tourism has also become a major tool to regenerate and revitalize historic towns and historic town centers all around the world, particularly in the post-war period. Coherent with this tendency, the conservation planning of Antalya Walled-Town, which was initiated by the State, was also handled using tourism as the main generating factor. The spread of tourism as a land use in the region was seen as a factor in this decision. However, the type of tourism in the Walled-Town is mainly cultural tourism as opposed to sun-sand-sea tourism that is prevalent in the region. In such a context, the Walled-Town was restructured as a tourist-historic city after the 1970s. In this framework, this dissertation explores the restructuring process of Antalya Walled-Town after 1970, by investigating how it came out to be a hybrid product of official and civilian wills. The reproduction process is one of complex relations, conflicts and compromises, and patronage relations among different stakeholders, which are categorized as official and civilian stakeholders in the dissertation. By exploring how the Walled-Town was reproduced as a hybrid product, the roles of these stakeholders in the restructuring process are revealed and it forms a basis for future planning studies in the area by explaining the nature of the phenomenon.
Citation Formats
A. Alpan, “Urban restructuring process of Antalya walled-town and the roles of stakeholders,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2014.