Realisms and working women in the novels of Gaskell and Brontë /

Kahveci, Rana
This thesis demonstrates the use of social realism in Mary Barton and Ruth by Elizabeth Gaskell and the use of psychological realism in Jane Eyre and Villette by Charlotte Brontë in the representation of working women in Victorian fiction. The study starts with a discussion of differing critical and philosophical definitions of the term “realism” in literature to point out the complexity of the term, that is based on its inherent apparent contradiction in referring to attempts to render “real” life through the fictitious existence of characters, events, and situations in the pages of novels. It also provides an outline of social events that shaped working women’s lives in the 19th century, in addition an outline of the common perceptions of Victorian society regarding women and women’s work. The analyses carried out in the central chapters of the thesis brought out the result that Gaskell and Brontë embraced the idea of working for women despite the prevailing confining conditions in women’s work areas and that they were moved by these hardships surrounding working women, and produced their works as means of criticism of the social, psychological, and moral problems these women were confronted with. Despite this shared concern, Gaskell and Brontë utilize different ways to present these women, their problems and conditions in their novels. This study claims that while Gaskell makes use of social realism in her representations of working women in Mary Barton and Ruth, Brontë mainly employs psychological theories of her era in her representations of working women in Jane Eyre and Villette.


Motherhood in Pat Barker’s post-industrial working-class fiction: a study of Union Street and Liza’s England /
Çağlar, Bircan; Öztabak Avcı, Elif; Department of English Literature (2014)
This thesis aims to explore issues such as motherhood, poverty, entrapment, procreation, abortion, alienation and violence in Pat Barker’s two early post-industrial novels Union Street and Liza’s England by foregrounding the role of socio-economic factors in female characters’ oppression. Christine Delphy’s Close to Home and Stevi Jackson’s “Women and the Family” have been used as a theoretical framework in order to explore Barker’s portrayal of working-class wives’ and mothers’ oppression in a patriarchal ...
Nineteenth-century women’s place in George Eliot’s Middlemarch and Thomas Hardy’s the return of the native and tess of the d’urbervilles
Sünbül, Çiçek; İçöz, Nursel; Department of English Literature (2011)
This thesis proposes to demonstrate the representation of women in the 19th-century fiction through an analysis of the characters in George Eliot’s Middlemarch and Thomas Hardy’s The Return of the Native and Tess of the D’Urbervilles. The study starts with an outline of the intellectual and industrial transformations shaping women’s position in the 19th century in addition to the already existing prejudices about men’s and women’s roles in the society. The decision of marriage and its consequences are place...
Female voice in Jane Austen : Pride and Prejudice and Emma
Tanrıvermiş, Mihriban; Çileli, Fatma Meral; Department of English Literature (2005)
This thesis analyses the devices manipulated by Jane Austen in Pride and Prejudice and Emma to foreground the ءfemale voice̕. The thesis argues that in these novels satire including irony and parody is used as a tool for revealing the place of women in eighteenth century England. In addition, themes and characters by which feminist conversations are constructed are also dealt with.
The Experience of marriage: a comparative study of Gustave Flaubert’s Madame Bovary & Halit Ziya Uşakligil’s Aşk-ı Memnu with a psychoanalytic feminist perspective
Haider, Maheen; Aslan Akman, Canan; Department of Gender and Women's Studies (2014)
Elaborating on the 19th century novels, Madam Bovary (1856) by Gustave Flaubert and Aşk-ı Memnu (1899) by Halit Ziya Uşaklıgil, this thesis aims to analyze and compare the two novels from a psychoanalytic feminist point of view, based originally on Sigmund Freud’s ideas on gender construction. It argues that the marriage in the novels is a social requirement of being a woman in a patriarchal society and the adultery by women might be a way of taking revenge from the patriarchal society. According to the psy...
The roles of male sexual predators in the novels of austen, charlotte and anne brontë, and gaskell
Kuglin, Ayşegül; Sönmez, Margaret Jeanne M.; Department of English Literature (2007)
In this thesis the roles of the sexually preadtory male character in Jane Austen's Sense and Sensibility, Charlotte Bronte's Jane Eyre, Anne Bronte's The Tenant of Wildfell Hall and Elisabeth Gaskell's Ruth and Mary Barton are analyzed, based on the theory of psychiatrist Karen Horney and the reader-response theory of Wolfgang Iser. The hypothesis is that the male sexual predator represents a reflection of the pursued heroine's idealized image, an unrealistically idealized and preferred self-image in Horney...
Citation Formats
R. Kahveci, “Realisms and working women in the novels of Gaskell and Brontë /,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2014.