Is cultural neurophılosophy possible? /

Download
2014
Tümkaya, Serdal
The aim of this work is to give an outline of a broader project, which I call cultural neurophilosophy. Neurophilosophy is the proposal that to illuminate the ancient and recent philosophical questions, we should study nervous systems. Cultural neurophilosophy is a project targeting at improving neurophilosophical arguments developed and defended by the Churchlands for the last four decades. This improvement is designed so as to put neurophilosophical perspective in a cultural context. By cultural context I have in mind all the dimensions of social and cultural life, including but not limited to political structure, social evolution, the mode of production, the socio-political history, economic relations, ethical values, cultural customs, and legal system. Because human brain is its most social organ, and human behavior is shaped by the cultural matrix in which we all live, in order to illuminate human behavior, we must study cultural and social sciences in collaboration with brain and behavioral sciences. Here I argue that such an interdisciplinary project is essential for a realistic explanation of human behavior.

Suggestions

The relation of aesthetic experience to the truth and the good in Kant
Avcı, Nil; İnam, Ahmet; Department of Philosophy (2009)
This thesis aims to explore the role and significance of the aesthetic experience in Kant’s philosophy. To accomplish this aim; firstly, the role of aesthetic power of judgment is discovered in subject’s production of truths about the sensible world which is attributed to the cognitive power of understanding. Secondly, the role of aesthetic power of judgment in subject’s representation of the good and in formation of moral judgments is demonstrated. Aesthetic power of judgment which enables both the recepti...
Art(s) of becoming: performative encounters in contemporary political art
Akkın, İbrahim Okan; Parkan, Barış; Department of Philosophy (2017)
This thesis analyses Deleuze & Guattari’s notion of becoming through certain performative encounters in contemporary political art, and re-conceptualizes them as “art(s) of becoming”. Art(s) of becoming are actualizations of a non-representational –minoritarian– mode of becoming and creation as well as the political actions of fleeing quanta. The theoretical aim of the study is, on the one hand, to explain how Platonic Idealism is overturned by Deleuze’s reading of Nietzsche and Leibniz, and on the other ha...
A Philosophical approach to upper-level ontologies
Satıoğlu, Dilek; Zambak, Aziz Fevzi; Department of Philosophy (2015)
The aim of this thesis is to provide a philosophical approach to upper-level ontologies. The ontologies and/or categorical system of Aristotle, Kant, Husserl, and Quine are evaluated in order to give a philosophical understanding of ontologies. After an explanation of the developments in ontology as a new interdisciplinary study, the most well known upper-level ontologies, BFO, DOLCE, SUMO, and Cyc, are analysed technically. In the light of philosophical ontologies and categorical systems, these upper-level...
Plato's solution of the problem of falsehood in The Sophist
Uçak, Özgür; Grünberg, David; Department of Philosophy (2005)
The main concern of this thesis is to show Plato̕s solution of the problem of falsehood in his dialogue of the Sophist. In the Sophist, it is argued that false statements are the expressions of something which are not real by Plato. On the other hand, what is not real has been considered as what does not exist, namely, as non-being in the ontological tradition until Plato. Furthermore, non-being can neither be thought nor be stated; since thought must be thought of something which exists. Therefore, to spea...
Integrating Epistemological Perspectives on Chemistry in Chemical Education: The Cases of Concept Duality, Chemical Language, and Structural Explanations
Kaya, Ebru; Erduran, Sibel (2013-07-01)
In this paper, we trace the work of some philosophers of chemistry to draw some implications for the improvement of chemical education. We examine some key features of chemical knowledge, and how these features are relevant for school chemistry teaching and learning. In particular, we examine Laszlo's (Foundations of Chemistry 1:225-238, 1999) notion of concept duality, Jacob's (HYLE-International Journal for Philosophy of Chemistry 7:31-50, 2001) descriptions of chemical language and Goodwin's (Foundations...
Citation Formats
S. Tümkaya, “Is cultural neurophılosophy possible? /,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2014.