A Comparative study of discontent with modernity and modernization in the novels of A. L. Huxley and A. H. Tanpınar

Kaya, Hilal
The aim of this dissertation is to explore Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar’s philosophical and fictional engagement with Aldous Leonard Huxley in relation to the issues of modernity and modernization. Being attentive to the cultural specificities informing the work of each writer, this project has set out to find to what extent Tanpınar adopts, revises and/or contests Huxley’s attitude towards modernity and modernization in his novels. This dissertation argues that Huxley and Tanpınar make a criticism of the understanding of the modern which is based on the liberal narrative of modernity by writing satirical novels of ideas. Some theoretical concepts developed later by the Frankfurt School thinkers like Adorno, Horkheimer and Marcuse will be used as a theoretical framework to explore better Huxley’s problematization of modernity. The ideas of Henri Bergson, Walter Benjamin, Sufism and Multiple Modernities will also be used as a theoretical framework to discuss Tanpınar’s approach to modernity. This study aims to contribute not only to the scholarship on Tanpınar’s fiction but also to the critical studies on Huxley, whose works of fiction have rarely been examined from an international perspective. With this end in view A. L. Huxley’s Point Counter Point (1928) and Brave New World (1932) and A. H. Tanpınar’s A Mind at Peace (1949) and The Time Regulation Institute (1961) will be studied in a comparative manner.


An analysis of David Lodge’s "Changing Places: A Tale of Two Campuses" and "Small World: An Academic Romance" in the light of Friedrich Nietzsche’s "Thus Spoke Zarathustra: A Book for All and None"
Çelik, Sevinç; Alpakın Martınez Caro, Dürrin; Department of English Language Teaching (2009)
The aim of this thesis is to analyse David Lodge’s campus novels Changing Places: A Tale of Two Campuses (1975) and Small World: An Academic Romance (1984) to see how nihilism is dealt with in the modern academic world by the main characters in the novels. The characters will be examined in the light of Friedrich Nietzsche’s Thus Spoke Zarathustra: A Book for All and None (1883-85). As the prophet Zarathustra in Thus Spoke Zarathustra is the mouthpiece of Nietzsche himself, this thesis aims at studying Lodg...
The Relation between ethics and aesthetics in philosophy of Mikhail Bakhtin
Babur, Hazal; Turan, Şeref Halil; Parkan, Barış; Department of Philosophy (2018)
My main aim in this thesis is to reveal the relation between the author and the hero which is quite similar to the relation and the dichotomy between the “I” and “the other” in Mikhail Bakhtin’s philosophy. I will extend my analysis in the ethical relation of author-hero to propose a world view that it is built upon love and sympathy. Finally, I will question ethics in literary genres by focusing on the relationship between the author and the hero. This thesis is devoted to a careful analysis of Bakhtin’s l...
An inquiry into the disputable position of imagination in Kant’s philosophy
Atala, Müge; Çırakman, Elif; Department of Philosophy (2012)
My thesis aims to delve into Immanuel Kant’s formulation of the faculty of imagination in his Critique of Pure Reason and Critique of the Power of Judgment. In relation to the First Critique, it specifically concerns the relation of the “mysterious” function of imagination to the object and its representation as one of the fundamental steps of the emergence or production of theoretical knowledge. As regards the Third Critique, it scrutinizes the relation of imagination to reflective, as opposed to determina...
A New approach to thje idea of environment in the light of Zurek's existantial interpretation
Ölçek, Deniz; Sol, Ayhan; Department of Philosophy (2012)
This thesis aims to contribute to ecocentric views by revising and criticising Callicott's conception of environment and ecocentric ethics that he develops in the light of ecology and the Copenhagen Interpretation of quantum physics. The thesis also aims to support the ecocentric point of view by suggesting a different approach to the conception of environment in the light of the Existential Interpretation.
The value of sociability in Rousseau, Hegel, and Nietzsche
Karatekeli, Emre; Turan, Şeref Halil; Department of Philosophy (2021-5)
This thesis investigates the political philosophies of Rousseau, Hegel, and Nietzsche, as regards the relation between sociability and freedom. Firstly, I argue that Rousseau’s fundamental view undergoes a drastic shift in that while in the Second Discourse he regards the human being as essentially individualistic, in the Social Contract he dismisses egoism and argues for the establishment of sociability in the name of general will to materialise human freedom. Secondly, I discuss how Hegel proves the neces...
Citation Formats
H. Kaya, “A Comparative study of discontent with modernity and modernization in the novels of A. L. Huxley and A. H. Tanpınar,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2014.