A New approach for the classification of country parties in the UNFCCC

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2015
Arı, İzzet
The objective of this study is to create countries’ composite indices for common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities in order to determine fair allocation of GHG emission mitigation responsibilities between countries. All indices have been formulated by considering a country’s economic, environment, social, and technical indicators. These indicators, however, are normally correlated, and their correlation may overestimate each country’s responsibilities and capabilities; if the correlation of indicators is ignored as an issue, calculated index values for each country may not be used for compressions of countries. Therefore, this study suggests that is necessary to address correlation of indicators in order to determine accurate index calculations. The novelty of this study is based on selected variables with different aspects such as economic, social technical and environmental and applied techniques for creating composite indices. The data used in this study are from 50 countries that are responsible for at least eighty-one percent of global GHG emissions, including OECD countries and emerging economies. Principal Component Analysis and the Cluster Analysis techniques for index calculations and grouping of countries are employed, respectively. The results suggest that current classifications of the UNFCCC that determine the countries’ responsibilities for the emission mitigation should be reconsidered. It is expected that the results contribute to the post-2020 climate agreement on emission mitigation in the context of fair burden sharing.

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Citation Formats
İ. Arı, “A New approach for the classification of country parties in the UNFCCC,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2015.