The Role of emotions and emotion regulation in the system justification process

Solak, Nevin
The studies of emotions and emotion regulation from the social psychological perspective have been dominated by two general approaches, namely, individual and group-based research perspectives (e.g., Frijda, 1986; Gross, 2014; Halperin, 2014; Smith, Seger, & Mackie, 2007). Considering that emotions cannot only be limited to the individual- and the group-level contexts, the system-level dynamics (Stangor & Jost, 1997) should be examined to better understand their impacts on both individual and society. Drawing on system justification theory (Jost, Banaji, & Nosek, 2004), the current study has attempted to provide empirical evidence for the characteristics of system-level emotions (Solak, Jost, Sümer, & Clore, 2012). Moreover, the present study was aimed to examine how system justification affects the regulating ways of emotions evoked by the system-level context. In doing so, in Study 1 and Study 2, system justification motivation was measured as an individual difference variable in the US and Turkish samples, respectively. In Study 3, the study hypotheses were tested during the 2013 Gezi Protests, and in Study 4, system justification motivation was experimentally manipulated. The current study provided empirical evidence for the characteristics of system-level emotions. These are system-based emotions (I) reflect standing in the social order, (II) reflect appraisals of the social order, (III) affect action tendencies and behaviors. Moreover, it was demonstrated that emotion regulation strategies affect the relationship between system justification and system-level emotions. The implications and contributions of the study were discussed


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Citation Formats
N. Solak, “The Role of emotions and emotion regulation in the system justification process,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2015.