Self-regulatory driving practices of old and young drivers

Azık, Derya
The aim of the current study was to investigate self-regulatory driving practices of old and young drivers by examining underlying factors and possible benefits on drivers’ aberrant behaviors. 258 active male drivers (120 older, 138 younger) participated in the study. Older drivers’ age range was determined as 60-75 and younger drivers’ age range was determined as 21-30. For testing motivator factors of self-regulatory driving practices, Health and Functional Abilities Scale (Molnar et al., 2013), Self-Rated Abilities Scale, Driving Confidence Scale (Parker et al., 2001) were adapted to Turkish Sample and a pplied to older and younger drivers. After that, for testing self-regulatory, driving behaviors Advanced Decisions and Patterns of Travel Scale (Molnar, et al, 2013) was revised and mini-version of this scale was used. Lastly, for understanding possible safety benefits of self-regulation, Turkish version of Driver Behavior Questionnaire (DBQ) (Lajunen, & Özkan, 2004) was applied. The results show that behavioral mechanism of older, younger drivers were different, and there were no mediation effect of self-regulatory driving practices between possible underlying factors (health and functional abilities, self-rated driving abilities, driving confidence) and aberrant driver behaviors for older drivers. For younger driver groups, the mediation effect of strategical self-regulation was found between situational confidence and lapses. Generally, while tactical self-regulatory strategies were predicted negatively aberrant behaviors of the participants, for strategical self-regulat ion adverse relations were found which only supports tactical self-regulatory behaviors possible benefits for older and younger drivers. Limitations and contributions of the study were discussed in light of the related literature.


Development of the professional driver behavior questionnaire
Yılmaz, Şerife; Öz, Bahar; Özkan, Türker; Department of Psychology (2018)
The aim of the present study was to develop a comprehensive scale measuring professional drivers' driver behaviors. For this reason, a semi-structured interview form was prepared and applied to different professional driver groups in order to collect behavioral examples displayed in traffic context (Study 1). These examples were grouped based on Reason's taxonomy of human error and Professional Driver, Driver Behavior Scale (PDBQ) was developed. PDBQ along with some other behavior scales such as ODBQ and DB...
The Relationship between the health belief model constructs and driver behaviors: mediating role of driving skills
Özbay, İrem; Öz, Bahar; Özkan, Türker; Department of Psychology (2017)
The aim of the present study is to examine the relationship between driver behaviors (emphasized violations), the Health Belief Model (HBM) constructs, and driver skills. Although the HBM is a widely used model in health settings, there are very few studies investigating the model at traffic settings. In the present study a total of 505 drivers (217 female, 288 male) whose mean age was 27 participated. The Driver Behavior Questionnaire was used to measure driver behaviors; that is, violations within the sco...
Investigation and comparison of human factors in driving and attitudes towards disabled drivers: a study with disabled and non-disabled drivers
Bakır, Besime Anıl; Öz, Bahar; Department of Psychology (2016)
The current study firstly aimed to develop an attitude scale to measure attitudes towards disabled drivers in traffic environments (Study-1). During development of the scale process, to gain knowledge about disabled driving semi-structured interviews were conducted with 28 active drivers (12 disabled drivers, 16 non-disabled drivers). Interview results were analyzed and results provided a basis for the development of ‘Attitudes towards disabled drivers scale (ADDS). After that, in the main study, it was aim...
Young driver behaviors in relations to the implicit and explicit driving skills
Öztürk, İbrahim; Özkan, Türker; Department of Psychology (2017)
Road traffic accidents are one of the important public health problems for all age groups, especially for the young people. Young drivers show more aberrant driver behaviors and are overly represented in road traffic accidents. The driving skills and driver behaviors are important predictors of road traffic accidents. Driving skills and driver behaviors might be measured by using self-reports, driving simulators, and implicit measurements. In this thesis, the relationship between self-reported and implicit ...
Trip-focused organizational safety climate: Investigating the relationships with errors, violations and positive driver behaviours in professional driving
Öz, Bahar; Özkan, Türker (Elsevier BV, 2014-09-01)
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between trip-focused organizational safety climate, and driver behaviours, (i.e., errors, violations and positive driver behaviours) in professional driving. A total of 219 male professional drivers participated in the study. The participants were asked to fill out the Driver Behaviour Questionnaire together with the Positive Driver Behaviours Scale; Trip-focused Organizational Safety Climate Scale (TOSCS); and a demographic information form. Factor ...
Citation Formats
D. Azık, “Self-regulatory driving practices of old and young drivers,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2015.