The Relationship between the health belief model constructs and driver behaviors: mediating role of driving skills

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2017
Özbay, İrem
The aim of the present study is to examine the relationship between driver behaviors (emphasized violations), the Health Belief Model (HBM) constructs, and driver skills. Although the HBM is a widely used model in health settings, there are very few studies investigating the model at traffic settings. In the present study a total of 505 drivers (217 female, 288 male) whose mean age was 27 participated. The Driver Behavior Questionnaire was used to measure driver behaviors; that is, violations within the scope of the present study. The Driver Skill Inventory was used to measure self-reported driver skills. The HBM Scale which is adapted for speed behaviors within the content of the present study was used to collect data about the HBM constructs. Bivariate Correlations and Hierarchical Regression Analyses were conducted to examine the relationship between study variables. Mediation Analyses were conducted to investigate the mediator role of driving skills on the relationship between the HBM constructs and driver behaviors. Results showed that perceptual-motor and safety skills mediate the relationship between only perceived barriers and total overall violations, aggressive and ordinary violations, and speeding used in the study. This means the changes perceived barriers and driver skills associated with changes in driver behavior (i.e., violations) negatively. In addition, safety skills were found to be a stronger mediator in that relationship as compared to perceptual-motor skills. Evaluations of results, implications, limitations of the current study, and possible suggestions for future studies were discussed in the light of related literature. 
Citation Formats
İ. Özbay, “The Relationship between the health belief model constructs and driver behaviors: mediating role of driving skills,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2017.