Mn(OAc)3 promoted addition of an active methylene compound to alkenes: mechanistic studies

Ceyhan, Selin
Radical cyclization of alkenes is one of the most important methods for the synthesis of cyclic compounds. The one electron oxidant Mn(OAc)3 has been used for many years for the oxidative addition of acetic acid to alkenes to give lactones. In this thesis, various alkenes substituted at 1,2-positions by phenyl and thiophene rings were reacted with active methylene compounds in the presence of Mn(OAc)3∙2H2O. The regioselectivity of the addition were searched. The mechanism for the addition was studied in connection with the directing effect of the sulfur atom and substituents attached to the benzene ring. The regioselectivity was also discussed in terms of electron density distribution on the double bond.


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Synthesis of thiophene containing compounds are of particular interest in synthetic organic chemistry. Besides the importance for synthetic organic chemistry, thiophene derivatives are used in applied research such as drug synthesis and study of functional materials. In this thesis, a new methodology for developing of 2,3-disubstituted thiophenes was developed. This methodology utilizes readily available compounds in a two-step synthesis to provide a facile access to the 2,3-disubstituted thiophenes. In the...
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The synthesis of the nitrogen containing heterocyclic compounds is one of the leading research areas throughout the organic chemistry due to their significant activities in biological systems. Among the various biologically active molecules, pyridine-fused ring systems are of prime importance on the grounds of their proven clinical roles. The coupling reactions with 6-membered heterocyclic compounds and diazepines gave rise to new pharmalogical compounds in recent years. Therefore, our object was the synthe...
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Algı, Fatih; Balcı, Metin; Department of Chemistry (2006)
Chemists have always been fascinated by the cumulated diene system of allenes with its extraordinary properties such as the axial chirality of the elongated tetrahedron and a higher reactivity than non-cumulated C-C double bonds. The equilibrium geometry for an allene is linear with orthogonal pairs of substituents. An allene incorporated into a carbocyclic ring of nine or more carbon atoms is relatively unstrained. However, if the ring size is decreased, the linear perpendicular allene will be twisted and ...
Citation Formats
S. Ceyhan, “Mn(OAc)3 promoted addition of an active methylene compound to alkenes: mechanistic studies,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2015.