Analysis of local actors in disaster management through organizational aspect in Turkey

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2015
Çelik, Aylin
The rapid increase in world population, unplanned urbanization and the density in metropolitan regions cause disaster losses to increase. Thus, the structure, extent and organization scheme of disaster management became focal point and should be considered in details along with “disaster risk mitigation” processes, which have changed and developed over last 25 years. The governance concept arisen under the influence of neo liberal policies constitutes one of the trivets of new perception with its participation, accountability, transparency, predictability and decentralization characteristics. Many countries have gone into a change in light of this new perception with their disaster mitigation policies, such as Turkey. The disaster legislation which has been changed on a large scale, laid bare the insufficiency of current legislation and the need for different perspectives, especially at the local level. This argument constitutes the basis of the thesis. In order to validate this argument, the disaster management policies in Turkey are analyzed in terms of legal and organizational dimensions and its relation with local is evaluated. While doing this, governance-based criteria from milestone events carried out under the presidency of United Nations and their documents are considered. The study showed that the disaster laws in Turkey are quite weak. In addition, it is observed that Turkey has approached a more centralized structure with new and edited laws after 1999. This has resulted in a decrease in participation of local and an increase in technical weaknesses. In the light of analyses, it is concluded that the infrastructure of governance in Turkey has been established and there is a need for local disaster management policies to be developed. In this manner, integrated, legal changes should be made on all laws regarding disaster.