The effect of disasters on development: Van and Bingol case studies

Gül, Tuğba
The increase of the number of natural, technological and man-made disasters and economic losses due to disasters caused an increase in significance of the studies that investigate the relationship between disaster and development. Turkey has actualized many studies after the 1999 Marmara Earthquake, however, the focus of disaster policies are still concentrated on response and reconstruction/recovery stages of disaster. 2003 Bingöl and 2011 Van earthquakes showed that disasters still cause economic burden on the economy. This study discusses disaster and development relationship within the frame of vulnerability. It explores countries at different development level to observe whether disasters are obstacles of development or disasters are opportunity for development. In this study, economic losses caused by disasters, disaster legislation and development plans of Turkey are discussed. Reasons of high economic losses in Turkey due to disasters are explored. This thesis aims to contribute to show how disasters affect the economy of different cities for the development of efficient policies on disaster risk reduction. Therefore, 2011 Van and 2003 Bingöl earthquakes, the significant disasters in terms of the number of affected people since 2000, are chosen as case studies. The change in macroeconomic variables due to earthquakes in these two provinces is investigated.
Citation Formats
T. Gül, “The effect of disasters on development: Van and Bingol case studies,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2014.