Gezi movement: an analysis in the context of place/space, the discursive practices and the society

Download
2015
Yılmaz, Ayşenur
This study aims to analyse the Gezi Movement, emerged in the last days of May 2013 against Taksim Pedestrianization Project which is conceptualized starting in 2007 by İstanbul Metropolitan Municipality and spread to whole country in a record time in June 2013 and lasted effectively for a month and continued during and after the research time, in terms of architecture and the society together with the discourses revealed in this process. The relationships between the society, the place and the places, and the discursive statements were examined to reveal the reasons behind this intense and instant public support and to explore the spatial meaning of the Gezi Movement in detail, which has attracted attention of many disciplines besides architecture, with starting from a cemetery to the Gezi Park to Taksim Square and then to the rest of İstanbul and to a larger geographical scale. This research focuses on the reinterpretation of the Movement in terms of qualities of “place and “place-making”, evaluated as a way of being part of decision-making process about the city for the citizens, and how this social attitude reflects to the place/space. This thesis further aims to reawaken the concept of “Right to the City” and reveal the new kind of identities of citizens, emerged during the Movement. It was evaluated that the Gezi Park promoted the dissemination of the Movement with its physical properties and increasingly transportation of the similar values and the spirit to the other places which integrated the citizens and made Turkey the place of the Movement. This type of place understanding and the spirit in the Movement helped to create the urban memory as well with the public activities. Furthermore, the babbling, the irony, the self-expression, the words and the images appeared in the walls or the grounds in the demonstration places made the Movement different from the previous demonstrations, which promoted the Movement to be researched in terms of the discursive practices in this study. The method throughout the study was to find tools and examples for the dissemination of the Movement by the help of analysis, reports, written documents and daily media. On the whole, this thesis is an attempt to substantiate the Gezi as public space as to architecture, place-making and settings. It tries to reveal the citizen rights by analysing the place-based power struggle, the public space, and the daily life experiences within the limits of the Gezi Movement and provides the documentation and the examination of the experiences, the movements which happened before, and the information about the Project, which is required for better awareness of the society.

Suggestions

Production of urban space in the southwestern periphery of Ankara
Acar Özler, Özgül; Uzun, Cemile Nil; Department of City and Regional Planning (2012)
The aim of this thesis is to explain the production of urban space at the southwestern periphery of Ankara between 1985 and 2007. It has been argued that urban development is not a self-regulatory process; on contrary it is a process produced by urban planning practice. In this respect this thesis asks how and what extent urban planning produces particular urban pattern at the peripheral areas. The southwestern periphery is taken into account as a field of case study due to the peculiar development dynamics...
An Analysis of urban struggles in the process of practices of urban commoning: resistance on “uncommon ground”“in, for and beyond” İstanbul
Ergin, Nezihe Başak; Rittersberger Tılıç, Helga İda; Department of Sociology (2014)
The thesis aims to examine urban social oppositions, ways of resistance, their patterns and dynamics in Istanbul against urban transformation projects with the production of space having the central role and potentiality to generate these struggles. Through critical and radical urban and social opposition theories and related ideas of analysis, the study considers this as a process of “urban commoning –social- practices” for the “rights to the city”. The research covers the period which starts with the Euro...
A Reading urban transformation through the case of Mamak, Ankara
Somalı, Fatma Süphan; Ersoy, Melih; Department of Urban Policy Planning and Local Governments (2013)
The dissertation aims to understand and explain the different paces and patterns of spatial development in the Mamak district of Ankara, despite similar intervention backgrounds. It is suggested herein that understanding the characteristics of Mamak’s transformation requires more than the available theoretical tools, which are more suited to dynamic transformation processes, in that Mamak’s transformation has been rather slow. The conceptual framework developed in this study endeavors to incorporate the slo...
The pattern and process of urban social exclusion in İstanbul
Çelik, Özlem; Rittersberger Tılıç, Helga İda; Department of Sociology (2008)
The main aim of the thesis is to analyse the recent socio-spatial patterns of Istanbul, in which squatter areas on publicly-owned land (gecekondu) and old historical centre of the city are subjected to regeneration projects, under the impact of making Istanbul a “purified” place for the significant social classes via exclusion of the “others”. The formulations of Henri Lefebvre for analysing the production of (social) space are used as the conceptual framework of the thesis. To reveal the case study, the re...
Urban transformation as political and ideological intervention in space: a case study in Diyarbakır
Taş, Dire; Mücen, Barış; Department of Sociology (2019)
This thesis examines urban transformation in old city center of Diyarbakır,Suriçiascase study to discuss thedifferent paths of urban transformation in Turkey. The studyargues thatalthough the phenomenon of urban transformation is predominantlydetermined by the economic reasoning of the neoliberal regimes, it cannot be reduced tothat. The main question of this study is that if the transformation of space in late-capitalism is directly linked with the rescaled position of the state in u...
Citation Formats
A. Yılmaz, “Gezi movement: an analysis in the context of place/space, the discursive practices and the society,” M.Arch. - Master of Architecture, Middle East Technical University, 2015.