Transit oriented design and urban design: eskişehir case – tram stop oriented

Bahçelioğlu, İrem
Sustainable and public transportation plays a vital role in the cities to eliminate the disadvantages of urban sprawl. Transit oriented development (TOD) is one of the tools which is used to solve this problem. However, the efforts of TOD itself are not enough in order to increase the public transportation demand. TOD reaches significance when it is combined with the urban design since urban design defines both physical and personal factors in the point of creating effective TOD. For this reason, design factors also affect TOD to gain importance in respect to sustainable city and public transport in addition to TOD. On the other hand, the investments of rail systems have been increasing throughout the world. This is mainly because rail systems are the best alternative to reduce the usage of private cars. When station environment is supported with the urban design factors, tendency of people for walking and using the public transportation will increase. Consequently, it is seen that strong transportation model, urban planning and transportation modes that draw people’s attention are required in order to change the travel behavior of people. This thesis propounds that public transportation demand increases by combining the factors of TOD and urban design. These factors aim to make public transportation attractive for people by creating more usable tram stop environments. This thesis explains “New urbanism” which is the base of TOD and urban design besides the literature review of them. In addition, there are researches about design criteria for tram stop environment and stops. Under this purpose, Çarşı stop - the center of Eskişehir which has well-integrated transportation system and high public transportation demand has been selected as a case and it has been analyzed according to factors in literature review. The area of tramlines intersection is taken as a basis for case study in Eskişehir where the usage of tram is high. As a result of these studies, it has been expounded with a case that TOD increases public transportation demand when it is supported with urban design.


Public transport improvement policies : assessment of the role of route and fare integration, modal reorganization with special emphasis to İzmir case
Öncü, Mevlüde Ayça; Babalık, Ela; Department of Urban Policy Planning and Local Governments (2007)
Public transport improvement and new public transport management approaches are accepted as the most effective tools in order to cope with the urban transportation problem threatening sustainable urban life and efficient functioning of urban areas. The need for new solutions to replace, or support, costly new capacities created two new concepts at the two ends of the transportation phenomenon; Travel Demand Management (TDM) on the demand side and Transportation System Management (TSM) at the supply side. Th...
Politics of urban transportation local, national and international dynamics case of Ankara and Eskişehir road corridor
Öncü Yıldız, Mevlüde Ayça; Babalık, Ela; Department of Urban Policy Planning and Local Governments (2015)
This study aims to identify the factors that influence the development of Ankara’s urban transport system and to assess the effects of influencing groups and actors (referred to as assemblages in this study) on urban and transportation development of Eskişehir Road Corridor in relation with economic development, political decisions, institutional and legal frameworks. The thesis adopts a multi-level analysis method for researching influencing developments and assemblage relationships shaping urban transport...
The Increasing role of regional rail system in urban transport: the case of İZBAN in İzmir
Üçüncüoğlu, Cevat; Babalık, Ela; Department of City and Regional Planning (2014)
The rapid increase in population and spatial growth of cities result in ever-increasing travel distances for urban transport. While urban rail systems, such as metro and LRT systems, are often considered to provide fast and effective service for metropolitan areas, regional rail systems, as a modernized version of commuter railways, appear to be the most effective way of providing fast services for the mobility needs of such long-distance daily travels in the world. In Turkey too spatial growth is a major c...
Political and legal documents for ensuring sustainable urban transportation: a comparative analysis of USA, UK and Turkey
Yılmaz, Begüm; Babalık, Ela; Department of Urban Policy Planning and Local Governments (2011)
Principle of sustainability, as in all areas, is becoming a major issue in urban transportation planning all around the world. Urban transportation political and legal documents are statutory basis of urban transportation plans and projects and developed countries have established urban transportation political and legal documents to ensure that local governments implement plans and projects in line with the sustainability principle. In this thesis, it is intended to analyze the sufficiency of central gover...
Growth control at the urban fringe: planning and policy instruments – the case of Ankara
Sınacı, Fulya; Gedikli, Bahar; Department of City and Regional Planning (2016)
Urban growth dynamics play an important role in determining the future scenarios of cities and in the shaping of the urban form. Although spatial growth can be considered as an opportunity to provide new living and working places for growing populations, it is arguable whether all decisions aimed at physical growth are compatible with local dynamics. Even if growth is needed, considering the conditions of a locality, it is not always easy to control this growth and prevent it from turning into sprawl. Previ...
Citation Formats
İ. Bahçelioğlu, “Transit oriented design and urban design: eskişehir case – tram stop oriented,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2017.