Transit oriented design and urban design: eskişehir case – tram stop oriented

Bahçelioğlu, İrem
Sustainable and public transportation plays a vital role in the cities to eliminate the disadvantages of urban sprawl. Transit oriented development (TOD) is one of the tools which is used to solve this problem. However, the efforts of TOD itself are not enough in order to increase the public transportation demand. TOD reaches significance when it is combined with the urban design since urban design defines both physical and personal factors in the point of creating effective TOD. For this reason, design factors also affect TOD to gain importance in respect to sustainable city and public transport in addition to TOD. On the other hand, the investments of rail systems have been increasing throughout the world. This is mainly because rail systems are the best alternative to reduce the usage of private cars. When station environment is supported with the urban design factors, tendency of people for walking and using the public transportation will increase. Consequently, it is seen that strong transportation model, urban planning and transportation modes that draw people’s attention are required in order to change the travel behavior of people. This thesis propounds that public transportation demand increases by combining the factors of TOD and urban design. These factors aim to make public transportation attractive for people by creating more usable tram stop environments. This thesis explains “New urbanism” which is the base of TOD and urban design besides the literature review of them. In addition, there are researches about design criteria for tram stop environment and stops. Under this purpose, Çarşı stop - the center of Eskişehir which has well-integrated transportation system and high public transportation demand has been selected as a case and it has been analyzed according to factors in literature review. The area of tramlines intersection is taken as a basis for case study in Eskişehir where the usage of tram is high. As a result of these studies, it has been expounded with a case that TOD increases public transportation demand when it is supported with urban design.


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Citation Formats
İ. Bahçelioğlu, “Transit oriented design and urban design: eskişehir case – tram stop oriented,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2017.