Building peace between India and Pakistan; the role of the Shanghai cooperation organization

Hashmi, Muhammad Uzair
The Shanghai Cooperation Organization was created in 2001 in order to promote economic, security and political cooperation between the member states. Pakistan and India became observer states to the SCO as the most influential countries in South Asia and as nuclear powers. The relations between Pakistan and India are hostile since their birth, which led to wars, continuous arms race which caused a major threat to the regional peace. The most influential members of the SCO are China and Russia. While Pakistan has close relations with China, India has the same with Russia. In the recent SCO-BRICS joint Summit held in Ufa, Russia in July 2015, Pakistan and India have been recognized as permanent members of the SCO taking effect in 2016. This development increases the possibility of the SCO to play the role of an arbitrator between Pakistan and India and help resolving the frozen conflicts between them. This thesis aims to answer the following questions: Are terrorism, extremism and separatism joint threats to all the members of the SCO? Would it be possible to create a joint strategy to fight the current and the potential pressures? Can Russia and China bring India and Pakistan on the same page through the SCO’s forum? Can joint economic motives and energy club within the SCO help Pakistan and India in maintaining peace? Will the SCO be able to overcome its current limitations and cope with the Western criticism?


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Citation Formats
M. U. Hashmi, “Building peace between India and Pakistan; the role of the Shanghai cooperation organization,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2015.