A Policy design model for market formation of solar and wind electricity generation in Turkey

Erden Topal, Yelda
The aim of this study is to design technology policies for diffusion of solar and wind electricity generation technologies by analyzing the market formation dynamics from the perspective of key actors in the framework of technological innovation system approach. For this purpose, qualitative data is collected through 57 face-to-face semi-structured interviews with the key actors from private and non-private sectors who are engaged in economic activities of electricity generation, regulation of the market, consultancy to the actors, and equipment supply. The study proposes a policy design model to formulate policy recommendations based on three pillars of policy aim, policy tool and policy target. To build this model, first, the energy problems that can be solved by solar and wind electricity generation are determined to find out policy problems and policy aims. Second, obstacles and facilitators which affect solar and wind electricity generation are specified to determine policy tools. Third, the market formation dynamics are examined to formulate policy targets. By combining these three analyses, policy recommendations are formulated based on theproposed policy design model. The policy problems are found to be about import dependency for the energy sources and governance of the renewable energy sector. The policy tools are formulated based on the administrative, economic, institutional, physical, political, psychological and technological obstacles and facilitators. The market in solar and wind electricity generation forms as two market segments of licensed and unlicensed electricity generation. The policy targets are specified for this market formation process. To conclude, policy recommendations at macro, meso and micro levels are formulated by using policy design model. To solve import dependency problem, the policy recommendations at macro level are considering complementarity relationship between energy sources and modelling a domestic technology development strategy. The policy recommendation at micro level is promoting self-consumption. To solve the governance problem, the policy recommendation at macro level is preparing clear roadmaps and plans about solar and wind electricity generation. The policy recommendations at meso level are formulating manuals for renewable energy investment, changing the role of government in energy sector and introducing a governance mechanism to include renewable electricity generation in industrial production. The policy recommendation at micro level is rehabilitating electricity infrastructure.


TASDEMIROGLU, E; ARINC, F (Elsevier BV, 1988-01-01)
The necessity for technical-economic analysis of solar energy systems is obvious when assessing their feasibility vis-á-vis conventional alternative systems. Optimum magnitudes of the installation parameters should be defined under the required economic conditions. In this study, the optimization procedure was chosen so as to maximize the total accumulated saving throughout the economic lifetime of the system. The annual solar heating fraction of the system is assessed using the f-chart method which can be ...
A model for long-term global air quality prediction and development of efficient control strategies in Turkey
Kumbaroglu, GS (1997-10-16)
This paper presents an environmental model which differentiates fuel consumption by sectoral use and allows for the reduction of emissions by coupling different emission control technologies to energy conversion and end-use activities. The model can be coupled to any energy model for forecasting air pollutant emissions and developing efficient emission control strategies. An energy-economy module has been integrated into the model and an equilibrium solution for the three-component model is obtained by util...
Erkan, Esengül; Senol Balaban, Meltem; Department of Urban Policy Planning and Local Governments (2022-1-27)
The thesis examines the applications of renewable energy towards community energy as an urban policy in the local governments of Turkey. A comprehensive study was conducted on the energy production and consumption from renewable energy in the world and in Turkey, and the increase in global renewable energy activities in recent years was discussed together with issues such as climate crisis and localization. In the discussions on political, administrative, and financial decentralization and privatization pol...
An investigation of optimum PV and wind energy system capacities for alternate short and long-term energy storage sizing methodologies
Al-Ghussain, Loiy; Taylan, Onur; Baker, Derek Keıth (Wiley, 2019-01-01)
The goal of this study is to find the optimal sizes of renewable energy systems (RES) based on photovoltaic (PV) and/or wind systems for three energy storage system (ESS) scenarios in a micro-grid; (1) with pumped hydro storage (PHS) as a long-term ESS, (2) with batteries as a short-term ESS, and (3) without ESS. The PV and wind sizes are optimally determined to accomplish the maximum annual RES fraction (F-RES) with electricity cost lower than or equal to the utility tariff. Furthermore, the effect of the ...
Transformation pathways toward a sustainable energy system in Turkey
Fathurrahman, Fahman.; Soytaş, Uğur; Department of Earth System Science (2019)
The important factors for designing and implementing a sustainable energy system consist of a sufficient, affordable, secure, and environmentally sound energy supply along with the efficient use of energy. Given its high dependency on foreign energy resources, the current energy system in Turkey is far from satisfying the criteria of a sustainable energy system. In addition, relying solely on fossil fuels is no longer a proper alternative mainly due to its impact on climate change and vastly diminishing res...
Citation Formats
Y. Erden Topal, “A Policy design model for market formation of solar and wind electricity generation in Turkey,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2016.