The Relationship between birth order, perceived parenting styles, and early maladaptive schemas

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2016
Nilüfer, Gözde
The aim of the current study was to investigate the relationship between birth order, perceived parenting styles, and early maladaptive schemas. We aimed to investigate differences in schema domains and perceived parenting styles based on birth order status of individuals. For this purpose, 294 individuals participated in the study. They were between the ages of 18 and 30. Only participants whose parents were still married were included in the study. Also, participants were excluded if their parents had died and if they have adopted siblings. We conducted MANOVA analysis in order to figure out the differences in schema domains based on birth order; however, we could not support our hypothesis that firstborn and lastborn siblings differ in their schema domains. However, we found that lastborn siblings considered their mothers as more overprotective and anxious compared to firstborn siblings. Fathers’ parenting style did not differ according to birth order. Finally, through regression analyses, we explored other predictor variables of schema domains. According to results, negative parenting styles significantly predicted schema domains. Both mothers’ and fathers’ style predicted Disconnection, Impaired Autonomy, and Impaired Limits. However, only parenting style of mothers predicted Other Directedness and High Standards schema domains. There were also some demographic variables that predicted schema domains. Males and younger people had higher Disconnection schema domain. Younger people also had higher Impaired Autonomy domain. Individuals with low education mother had higher Other Directedness domain. Finally, females and younger people had higher Unrelenting Standards schema domain.

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Citation Formats
G. Nilüfer, “The Relationship between birth order, perceived parenting styles, and early maladaptive schemas,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2016.