The Effect of system justification and regulatory focus orientation in the endorsement of honor and honor based violence

Akbaş Uslu, Gülçin
The aim of this study was to explore the association between System Justification Theory (SJT), Regulatory Focus Theory (RFT), honor endorsement (HE) and attitudes towards honor based violence against women (ATHRV). In some cultures, honor is associated with women’s sexual purity. The obsession with honor leads to domination and control of women. Besides, women who are thought to spoil their honor are exposed to violence that can result in death. RFT offers two distinct orientations to self-regulation: promotion and prevention focus. One of the main assumptions of RFT is that dominant promotion focus is concerned with ideals and dominant prevention focus is concerned with oughts. SJT suggests that people have a motivation to justify the system even at the expense of ego and group justification needs. People tend to justify traditional gender roles and believe that women deserve what they get. It can be argued that prevention focused self-regulation can play a significant role in the justification of honor and honor related violence. Specifically, through three studies this research aimed to show whether SJT and RFT are linked to honor and interact with each other in predicting HE, ATHRV, and implicit outcomes associated with honor. Study I (N = 553) developed and established a valid scale of Honor System Justification (HSJ). Study II (N = 366) tested this scale and demonstrated that prevention focus plays a role in understanding HE and ATHRV. HSJ was also associated with honor and mediated the relationship between prevention focus and HE and ATHRV. Study III (N = 214) employed two additional implicit measures. HSJ mediated the relationship between regulatory focus and HE and ATHRV. Moreover, participants showed implicit support for honor. Through three studies, a new perspective was provided to literature to understand positive attitudes towards honor and prevent honor based violence against women. Findings of the studies were discussed in the light of relevant literature.


Social psychological predictors of violence against women in honor cultures
Ceylan, Suzan; Sakallı Uğurlu, Nuray; Department of Psychology (2016)
A review of literature has demonstrated that one of the most significant discussions on violence against women is how it is condoned in the eye of individuals. Accordingly, the main aim of the current thesis is to examine the role of honor-based reason (HBR, compared to a control variable, financial reason), level of honor-concern (HC: including four dimensions, namely, feminine, masculine, family, and integrity honor codes), religious orientation (RO: including four dimensions, namely, intrinsic, extrinsic...
Faith-based welfare provision to women in Konya
Tekten, Zeynep Serap; Beşpınar Akgüner, Fatma Umut; Department of Social Policy (2014)
The main objective of this study is to examine faith-based welfare provision in Konya from a gender perspective. FBOs’ assumptions and ideology about the nature of women’s poverty and the mechanisms FBOs use to alleviate women’s poverty is discussed. Women, and especially single women, take priority in receiving assistance from FBOs in Konya. The reasons for giving priority to women are based on patriarchal and religious reasoning. Women are prioritised for their caretaker roles as well as their symbolic st...
Patriarchal structures and practices in Turkey : the case of social realist and national films of 1960s
Yeşildal Şen, Hatice; Ecevit, Mehmet Cihan; Department of Sociology (2005)
This thesis highlights the significance of patriarchal structures and their reproduction in women̕s social position through the feminist perspective. Patriarchy is a dominant structure both on production and reproduction sphere. Patriarchy, which is a dominant structure in every sphere of social life has material basis and controls both women̕s labour and sexuality. With this framework some concepts such as the types of women̕s labour, paid and domestic labour, family, honour, violence and masculinity are u...
Subjectivity formation of working class women and respectability : a case study on women sales workers in Ankara
Tatar, Mehtap; Erdoğan, Necmi; Department of Media and Cultural Studies (2014)
The main aim of this thesis is to examine the role of class and gender in the subjectivity formation of working class women. Women from different classes encounter each other in situations such as customers and sales workers in the shopping environment. Examining this encounter in detail can assist in achieving the main of this study. Therefore, during the in-depth interviews with women sales workers that were conducted, it was seen that many of the women sales workers experience class and gender inequaliti...
The spatial mobility of women in accordance to their closure to social and cultural facilities
Taş, Ayşe; Kayasü, Serap; Department of Urban Policy Planning and Local Governments (2014)
This thesis analyzes how gender issue has become a part of social theory and how women concerned urban studies become directive for real world urban policies and practices. The evolution of urban theories and feminist theories are handled separately after that gender sensitive urban studies are examined in a progressive way. The thesis also traces the differentiation of spatial mobility of women and women’s perceptions of space in the empirical part. There are several factors behind differentiated selection...
Citation Formats
G. Akbaş Uslu, “The Effect of system justification and regulatory focus orientation in the endorsement of honor and honor based violence,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2016.