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Effect of goal orientation and different human computer interaction modalities on users’ engagement

Fal, Mehmetcan
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of goal orientation and alternative human computer interaction modalities on user engagement. Performance-oriented and learning- oriented individuals exhibit motivational differences. Learning-oriented individuals focus on progress and mastery, whereas performance-oriented individuals focus on ability. Twenty-five participants participated in the study. They were asked to accomplish the same task with three alternative modalities of interaction, namely mouse, eye tracker and Microsoft Kinect V2. The participants also filled in a goal orientation questionnaire and user engagement questionnaire. The findings revealed that different modalities resulted in different task completion times. The completion time was then used as a factor for the analysis of the efficiency of the interaction. Further analyses showed significant interactions among the goal orientation of the participants, their engagement scores and the interaction modalities.