How trait mindfulness is related to job performance and job satisfaction: self-regulation as a potential mediator

Çatalsakal, Sıla
The aim of the current study was to investigate whether trait mindfulness is related to job performance (i.e., task performance, OCB, CWB) and job satisfaction. Self-regulation was expected to emerge as a mediating mechanism through which mindfulness affects performance variables. Participants consisted of working adults (N = 213) who filled out a questionnaire package including measures of mindfulness, self-regulation, task performance, OCB, CWB, and job satisfaction. The supervisors (N = 39) of the employees who gave approval (N = 108) also participated in the study and evaluated job performance of their subordinates. Although no significant relationships were found between mindfulness and performance measures when the performance evaluations were made by the supervisors, these relationships achieved significance when self-report performance measures were used. Mindfulness was also found to be significantly related to job satisfaction as anticipated. As expected, self-regulation emerged as the mechanism through which mindfulness exerts its effects on self-report task performance and OCB, but not CWB. Exploratory analyses revealed that mindfulness comprised of three components, which were named as awareness, nonreactivity, and nonjudging and hypothesis testing was repeated with each component to examine their differential effects on outcome variables of interest. When all findings were incorporated for a full model testing, job satisfaction emerged as the second mediating mechanism in trait mindfulness - performance outcomes relationships. The findings and contributions of the study, the implications and future research directions were further discussed.