The Heuristic role of questions in the formation of research programmes: Copernicus’s heliocentric system

Altuğ, Sezen
The aim of this thesis is to develop a critical view about the notion of the heuristic in Lakatos’s methodology of research programmes. The heuristic is tried to be sterilized from its defects with an insight derived from different forms of theories dealing with questions. For that reason, a short survey which includes Socratic dialogues, Hintikka’s theory of interrogative games, van Fraassen’s theory of why-questions, and Laudan’s analogy between science and problem-solving activity is introduced. As a result, the heuristic is construed as the interrogative tools that an inquirer has to construct her theories and solve their problems. The Copernican Revolution is endeavoured to be reconstructed as a case study in the lights of the questions that Copernicus might pose to discover his heliocentric cosmology. Since the Copernican programme cannot be reduced to the theories of Copernicus alone, only the primitive form of this programme which could be associated with Copernicus is examined to check the verity of this newly formulated definition of the heuristic.


A survey on OR and mathematical methods applied on gene-environment networks
Weber, Gerhard Wilhelm; Kropat, Erik; Öztürk, Başak; Gorgulu, Zafer-Korcan (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2009-09-01)
In this paper, we survey the recent advances and mathematical foundations of gene-environment networks. We explain their interdisciplinary implications with special regard to human and life sciences as well as financial sciences. Special attention is paid to applications in Operational Research and environmental protection. Originally developed in the context of modeling and prediction of gene-expression patterns, gene-environment networks have proved to provide a conceptual framework for the modeling of dy...
Assessing impacts of the European framework programme on Turkish participants: a case study on FP6 IST priorty
Metin, Hüseyin; Çilingir, Canan; Erdil, Erkan; Department of Industrial Engineering (2010)
This thesis aims to assess impacts of European Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (FP) on Turkish participants, focusing on Sixth Framework Programme (FP6) Information Society Technologies (IST) priority. A two-sided approach was employed while assessing impacts. First, DELPHI method was used to quantify and prioritise expectations of the decision makers in key stakeholders; second, a survey was designed to measure additionalities and the level of achievements of program particip...
A discussion of the concepts of validity and reliability in qualitative and quantitative Research
Sadık, Olgun (2019-06-01)
: The purpose of this paper is discussing the main issues in conceptualizing reliability and validity between qualitative and quantitative research approaches. The researcher examined the arguments about validity and reliability in inquiry methodology and identified three main debates primarily in qualitative research. The first one was about qualitative inquirers’ limited emphasis on the data collection process to increase the robustness of their research efforts. Most of the strategies in qualitative rese...
The effect of 7E learning cycle model on the improvement of fifth grade students’ critical thinking skills
Mecit, Özlem; Öztekin, Ceren; Department of Secondary Science and Mathematics Education (2006)
The main purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of 7E learning cycle model as an inquiry-based learning on the improvement of 5th grade students’ critical thinking skills. This study was conducted during 2005-2006 spring semester in a private primary school in Sakarya. A total of 46 fifth grade students from two different classes of the same science teacher was involved in the study. Two classes were randomly assigned as experimental group and control group. While students in the control...
Critical participatory action research: A design to empower women in a teacher education institution
Sadık, Olgun (2019-06-01)
This paper discusses historical and meta-theoretical aspects of action research by defining what action research (AR), participatory action research (PAR) and critical participatory action (CPAR) mean in detail and explains a CPAR project idea in a teacher education institution. Action research was categorized under different names; however, all those different approaches represent the same foundations with different purposes. In action research, a group of people work with a researcher(s) to identify a pro...
Citation Formats
S. Altuğ, “The Heuristic role of questions in the formation of research programmes: Copernicus’s heliocentric system,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2016.