Assessing a model of cognitive test anxiety: the role of rumination, self-forgiveness, perfectionism cognitions, and cognitive defusion through the indirect effect of psychological flexibility

2017
Aydın, Gökçen
The aim of this study was to test a model investigating the role of rumination, self-forgiveness, perfectionism cognitions, and cognitive defusion in predicting cognitive test anxiety through the indirect effect of psychological flexibility. The sample included 715 (351 females and 364 males) students from a state university in Turkey. The data collection instruments used in the study were Demographic Information Form, Cognitive Test Anxiety Scale-Revised, State Self-Forgiveness Scale, Perfectionism Cognitions Inventory, Drexel Defusion Scale, Ruminative Response Scale and Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II. In the present study, structural equation modeling (SEM) was conducted to test the hypothesized model. The results of the SEM analysis indicated that the model was significant in predicting cognitive test anxiety of college students. Considering the direct and indirect effects, the results showed that rumination had a positive relationship with cognitive test anxiety through the indirect effect of psychological flexibility. While self-forgiveness was related to psychological flexibility, it did not predict cognitive test anxiety directly and indirectly. Perfectionism cognitions was positively related to cognitive test anxiety through the indirect effect of psychological flexibility. Finally, cognitive defusion negatively predicted cognitive test anxiety through the indirect effect of psychological flexibility. The hypothesized model accounted for 36% of the variance in cognitive test anxiety. The findings were discussed in the light of relevant literature. In addition to implications for practice, research and recommendations for further research were presented.  

Suggestions

Validating aspects of a reading test
Akşit, Zeynep; Hatipoğlu, Çiler; Department of English Language Education (2018)
This study investigated three aspects of validity (i.e., context, cognitive and scoring) of a reading test: First, the reading test construct was defined based on the cognitive processing model and its criterial features were presented in the test specifications. Secondly, to establish cognitive validity, the cognitive processes that were activated during test taking were investigated through retrospective and introspective verbal data. The results revealed whether the test elicited behavior reflective of r...
The Distinctive Associations of Interpersonal Problems with Personality Beliefs Within the Framework of Cognitive Theory of Personality Disorders
Akyunus, Miray; Gençöz, Tülin (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-03-01)
The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between interpersonal problems and dysfunctional beliefs associated with personality disorders, within the framework of cognitive theory of personality disorders. Based on the proposition of cognitive theory, different dimensions of interpersonal problems which were assessed through the coordinates of interpersonal circumplex model were expected to be associated with specific categories of personality beliefs namely, deprecating, inflated, and ambivalent...
Exploring the role of psychological inflexibility, rumination, perfectionism cognitions, cognitive defusion, and self-forgiveness in cognitive test anxiety
Aydin, Gokcen; Güneri, Oya (2020-05-26)
This study examined the roles of psychological inflexibility, rumination, perfectionism cognitions, cognitive defusion, and self-forgiveness in predicting cognitive test anxiety among a sample of 715 university students (351 females, 364 males). The Cognitive Test Anxiety Scale-Revised, Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II, Ruminative Response Scale, Perfectionism Cognitions Inventory, Drexel Defusion Scale, State Self-Forgiveness Scale, and Demographic Information Form were used as data collection instru...
A philosophical analysis of computational modeling in cognitive science
Ürgen, Burcu Ayşen; Bağçe, Samet; Department of Cognitive Sciences (2007)
This study analyses the methodology of computational cognitive modeling as one of the ways of conducting research in cognitive science. The aim of the study is to provide an understanding of the place of computational cognitive models in understanding human cognition. Considering the vast number of computational cognitive models which have been just given to account for some cognitive phenomenon by solely simulating some experimental study and fitting to empirical data, a practice-oriented approach is adopt...
Cognitive appraisals, emotion, and coping
Alkan, Neşe; Tezer, Esin; Department of Educational Sciences (2004)
This study aimed to examine the role of secondary appraisal of the event, cognitive appraisal of the situation, emotions experienced and coping styles used after a real life stressful event that university students experienced. Five hundred and sixty students (271 females and 289 males) from Middle East Technical University voluntarily participated in the study. A pilot study which consisted of two stages, interviews and survey was conducted before the main study in order to test the appropriateness and app...
Citation Formats
G. Aydın, “Assessing a model of cognitive test anxiety: the role of rumination, self-forgiveness, perfectionism cognitions, and cognitive defusion through the indirect effect of psychological flexibility,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2017.