A Model towards subjective well-being: the roles of dispositional and state hope, cognitive flexibility, and coping strategies

2017
Muyan Yılık, Mine
The aim of the current study was to test a model that consisted of dispositional hope, cognitive flexibility, state hope, and coping strategies (avoidance, problem-focused coping, and seeking social support) on subjective well-being of university students. The sample of the study included 1222 undergraduate students (601 females and 621 males) from a public university in Ankara, Turkey. In order to collect data, Dispositional Hope Scale, Cognitive Flexibility Inventory, State Hope Scale, Coping with Stress Scale, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, Satisfaction with Life Scale, and a demographic information form were administered. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was employed in order to test the proposed model. The results showed that the proposed model fitted the data along with explaining 79% of the total variance in subjective well-being. According to the findings, dispositional hope, cognitive flexibility, and avoidance failed to have direct effects on subjective well-being, whereas state hope, problem-focused coping and seeking social support had significant direct effects on subjective well-being. That is, university students who had higher levels of state hope, engaged in less problem-focused coping and more in seeking social support while coping with stress had higher levels of subjective well-being. Moreover, the findings presented significant indirect effects of dispositional hope on coping strategies through state hope and subjective well-being through four possible ways: through state hope, through seeking social support, through state hope and problem-focused coping, and through state hope and seeking social support. Findings of the study were discussed in the light of the existing literature. 
Citation Formats
M. Muyan Yılık, “A Model towards subjective well-being: the roles of dispositional and state hope, cognitive flexibility, and coping strategies,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2017.