The Past Lies in the Present: A Social Psychological Investigation of History and Identity

2017
Akarsu, Albina Sıla
Identities are one of the most important features of human beings and they affect our lives. In the literature, it is suggested that history determines a way which provides the guideline for the basis of group’s identity as well as the relationships with other groups. As a form of national identity, collective narcissism is defined as unrealistic belief of an individual about the exaggerated greatness of an in-group and it predicts out-group derogation, collective schadenfreude, and perceived threat from out-group especially for out-groups with a history of competition or mutual grievances. However, although it is related with history representations which reflect glorification and source of pride, collective narcissism has never been studied along with history representations. Hence, the aim of the present study is to understand whether there is a relationship between importance attributed to different versions of history and national identity. Three hundred and forty participants who define themselves as Turkish participated in the study and they indicated the historical events of Turkish Republic which they see as important before they completed Turkish Identification Scale, Collective Narcissism Scale, and Multicultural Ideology Scale. The factor analysis indicated three categories of historical event preferences: glorified past, history of the Republic, and recent (critical) history. The importance given to glorified past was predicted by political orientation, conservatism, collective narcissism and Turkish national identification. Importance given to the history of the Republic was only predicted by national identification whereas the single predictor for emphasizing recent (critical) history was multiculturalism support. All in all, the results showed that how we evaluate our past is related to how we define ourselves today, in terms of varying identities. 

Suggestions

Associations of religious identification, secular identification, perceived discrimination, and political trust with ethnic and societal (national) identification.
Çoymak, Ahmet; Sakallı Uğurlu, Nuray; Department of Psychology (2009)
The current thesis extends research in the area of multiple social identities and identity conflict by focusing on both intergroup and intraindividual process underlying structures of identities, namely, religious, ethnic, and societal (national) identifications. In addition, it examined the influence of political trust, and perceived discrimination the relationship between ethnic and societal identification for disadvantaged ethnic groups in Turkey. Two studies were conducted to evaluate the process of ide...
Institutional environment and place attachment as determinants of elder's life satisfaction
Kılınç, Müge; Öner Özkan, Bengi; Department of Psychology (2006)
The main purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship among three important factors of the life of elderly who accommodates in an institution; institutional environment, older individuals̕ attachment to place, and theirs life satisfaction. This research aimed to examine how different aspects of institutional environment determine the level of elders̕ place attachment, and respectively to examine the significance of the place attachment in determining degree of older individuals̕ satisfac...
Behavioral consequences of the third-person effect on turkish voters
İz, Bennur; Öner Özkan, Bengi; Department of Psychology (2008)
The third-person effect is the tendency of individuals to believe that others are more susceptible to media influence than themselves and this perception causes them to act accordingly. This study aimed to reveal the relationship between the third-person effect and voting intentions. After reading one of the two versions of a vignette about a media discussion of possible election results, both of which claimed only two major parties could pass the election threshold, Turkish university students (N=285) firs...
The examination of the roles of parental acceptance-rejection/control, personality traits and coping strategies on psychological distress
Işık, Bilgen; Gençöz, Tülin; Department of Psychology (2010)
The purpose of the current study was to examine the path of parental acceptancerejection/ control, personality traits, coping strategies and psychological distress consequently. For the purpose of this study, 444 adults (134 male, 308 female, and 2 unknown) between the ages of 17 and 35 (M = 21.60, SD = 2.77) participated in the current study. The data was collected by a questionnaire battery including a Demographic Variable Sheet, Mother and Father Forms of Parent Acceptance- Rejection/Control Questionnair...
Parental acceptance-rejection/control and sypmtoms of psychopathology : mediator roles of personality characteristics
Yakın, Duygu; Gençöz, Tülin; Department of Psychology (2011)
The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationships between parental acceptance-rejection/control, personality constructs and symptoms of psychopathology. In this regard, 801 university students (440 females and 361 males) between the ages of 18 and 47 (M = 21.85, SD = 2.59) participated in the present study. The data of the study were collected by a package of questionnaires consisting of Demographic Information Sheet, Mother Form of Parental Acceptance-Rejection/ Control Questionnaire, Fathe...
Citation Formats
A. S. Akarsu, “The Past Lies in the Present: A Social Psychological Investigation of History and Identity,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2017.