A Study for the conservation of Ertem olive-oil factory in Ayvalık /

Yıldız, Gözde
Conservation and re-adaptation of industrial heritage has been a quite important aspect in the sense of continuity of the historic industrial character of the place for future generations. Industrial buildings usually lost their functions due to the fast technological developments and changing within production/consumption systems. This inevitable functional loss caused the obsolete structures which are regarded as industrial heritage. It is essential to conserve and recover the post-industrial landscapes together with the all elements associated with the industrial activity. Ayvalık is pioneer settlement in the West Anatolia with the olive and olive-oil industry as a major economic activity since its establishment. However, due to great shift of production technology, daily life, working style and the structure of urban space, there is a large stock of derelict industrial buildings within the city center. In addition, few of them are restored under poor conditions as a result of financial profits. This situation causes danger of extinction for Ayvalık’s olive industrial heritage which constitutes the identity of the town. Therefore, transformation of these abandoned post-industrial landscape becomes a major issue through new re-use projects of these obsolete structures. One of these industrial heritage structures is Ertem Olive-oil Factory which is a part of Ayvalık's identity as being one of the modest, well-preserved examples that reflects not only the specific architectural features of its construction time, but also olive-oil production processes and technological changes within time. Accordingly, the aim of this thesis is to develop a conservation proposal within the lights of analysis and assessments that were made throughout the research. Focusing on this aim, first, theoretical and practical background of adaptive re-use strategies for conservation of industrial heritage were examined through selected examples from Italy, Turkey and also from Ayvalık. These strategies were re-evaluated for proposing an approach for adaptive re-use of industrial buildings in order to constitute a base for the study. After, Ertem Olive-oil Factory and its environment were documented, analyzed and evaluated in detail. In addition to this, in order to better understand the building, olive-oil production process and its reflection to the architecture were studied in detail. And finally, within the lights of all obtained data, a conservation proposal was prepared according to the values, problems and potentials of the building and site