The Neo - Kemalist arguments on the counter - revolution debates in Turkey

Bengisun, Egemen
This thesis traces the origins and eventual construction of the discourse of “counter – revolution” in Turkey. The main actors of this discourse could be analysed in three intellectual circles which are former Cadre members, two leftist Kemalists: Mihri Belli and Doğan Avcıoğlu and the Neo – Kemalists. Although these groups set forth their ideas regarding “counter – revolution” in very different historical contexts, there is an ideological intertwinement between them. The Neo – Kemalists, an intellectual group emerged as a reaction to the 12 September 1980 military coup in Turkey, rise of Islamism and the Second Republicans will be the main focus of this dissertation as the bulk of the arguments on the “counter – revolution” in Turkey are asserted by them. In order to analyse this discourse, firstly the origins of the concept of the “counter – revolution” in French and Russian Revolutions and the influence of these two revolutions on the foundation of the Turkish Republic and the Kemalist Revolution will be researched.
Citation Formats
E. Bengisun, “The Neo - Kemalist arguments on the counter - revolution debates in Turkey,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2018.