The Relationships among career influences, career exploration and career indecision: a test of systems theory framework

Mutlu, Tansu
The study aimed to investigate the structural relationships among career influences (career decision making self-efficacy, academic self-efficacy, parental support, teacher support, friend support, negative social events, ethnic-gender expectations), career exploration (self-exploration, environmental exploration, intended-systematic exploration) and career indecision by testing a structural model based on Systems Theory Framework. This study also aimed to adapt the Career Influence Inventory (CII) and Career Exploration Survey (CES) into Turkish and investigate the psychometric properties of the CII and CES. The results have verified adequate psychometric properties of the Turkish CES and CII. 836 university students participated in the main study. The Career Decision Scale, CII, Career Decision Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form, CES and Demographic Information Form were used as data collection instruments. The data were analyzed by using structural equation modeling. The results indicated that career decision making self-efficacy, ethnic-gender expectations, selfexploration and environmental exploration had direct effects on career indecision. Academic self-efficacy, teacher support, friend support, parental support, negative social events and intended-systematic exploration had no direct effects on career indecision of university students. Additionally, the indirect associations between career decision making self-efficacy and career indecision were provided by the mediator roles of self-exploration and environmental exploration. The results indicated that academic self-efficacy had an effect on career indecision through the indirect effect of self-exploration. Parental support predicted career indecision through the indirect effect of environmental exploration. Findings were discussed by taking into consideration of relevant literature. Implications for practice and recommendations for further studies, practitioners, and policymakers were presented.