20-20-20 objective of the EU and situation of Turkey

Kurtulan, İbrahim
European Union climate and energy package, known as “20-20-20 objective”, is a highly ambitious agreement among the member countries of the European Union that mainly focuses on greenhouse gas emission, renewable energy and energy efficiency. After tough negotiations between members, the agreement was adopted at the European Council and voted and accepted by the European Parliament on December 2008. According to the agreement, first target is at least 20% reduction in greenhouse gas emission of the European Union until 2020 according to 1990 level. Second one is increasing the share of renewable sources among all energy sources up to 20%. Third one is that 20% increase in energy efficiency is aimed so that around 20% saving of energy consumption with the same economic and industrial pace of activity is achieved by 2020. These targets are specified in order to make the European Union a leader in the fight against global warming and to be an example for the rest of the world. 2020 targets of the EU are not directly binding for Turkey as it is not a full member country yet. On the other hand, Turkey specified its own energy targets for 2023 in line with the EU acquis. In this thesis; 20-20-20 objective of the European Union, reasons behind the agreement, achievements performed so far and feasibility of the targets are going to be analyzed. Moreover, circumstances in Turkey in terms of its 2023 energy targets are going to be investigated in details. In addition, situation of Turkey is going to be compared with the European Union and with the projections of the next five years; some suggestions are going to be offered.
Citation Formats
İ. Kurtulan, “20-20-20 objective of the EU and situation of Turkey,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2018.