Neoliberal governmentality in Turkey

Günok, Firdevs Ezgi
This study aims to investigate three phenomena that have emerged in the post-1980’s Turkey by using the lens of neoliberal governmentality that is handled with regarded to the topics of securitization, economization and subjectivation. In this context, first, the Temporary Village Guard System is examined with reference to the theme of the securitization and it is claimed that the state’s attempt to share its monopoly of violence with the public is not a result of the nation state’s retreat, but a result of the expansion of governmental technologies so as to permeate civil society. Secondly, with reference to the theme of economization, the unprecedented growth trend of the hydropower market in the 2000s is taken into consideration and it is claimed that this trend finds its condition of possibility in neoliberal rationality which defines public interest as competition. And lastly, on the basis of the subjectivation theme, the introduction of pay for performance system to health services is discussed and it is argued that this system is not an effect of a new organization of production, but rather of the neoliberal modes of subjectivation.