The Effect of flipped classroom as a teaching strategy on undergraduate students’ self-efficacy, engagement and attitude in a computer programming course

Download
2018
Yurdagül, Cemil
Learning programming skills is of crucial importance in today’s world. However, there are some difficulties faced in teaching these skills. Flipped classroom has been used as a teaching approach to overcome difficulties in teaching programming skills. Flipped classroom approach provided students with a practice-involved learning setting where they were exposed to previously prepared video course content prior to attending the classroom element of the course. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the use of the Flipped Classroom Approach on students’ self-efficacy, engagement, and attitudes in a computer programming course. In this regard, an Introduction to Programming course was designed in which students were taught by the Traditional Classroom Approach during the first five weeks, followed by the Flipped Classroom Approach for the subsequent five weeks. The sample of the study consisted of 35 university students who participated in an introductory programming course. A mixed-methods research design was adopted in the study. Students’ scores on self-efficacy in programming, general classroom engagement, and attitudes toward programming languages questionnaires were analyzed in order to determine the effect of the Flipped Classroom Approach. Students’ subjective thoughts and views about the use of the Flipped Classroom Approach derived from semi-structured interviews were analyzed so as to gain comprehensive understanding of the Flipped Classroom Approach. The results of the quantitative data analysis revealed that the flipped classroom positively affected students’ self-efficacy in programming within the dimension of Programming in Complex Programming tasks, General Classroom Engagement in the dimension of Behavioral and Emotional Engagement, and Attitudes Toward Programming Languages in the dimension of Self-confidence. The results of the qualitative data analysis indicated that the students were satisfied with the use of the Flipped Classroom Approach in their programming course. Furthermore, the students considered the flipped classroom as an advantageous approach in terms of allowing them to be better prepared for the course to be conducted, giving them the opportunity to go back to look at course content through viewing course videos, and through involving them in active classroom participation.

Suggestions

A Structural Model for Students' Adoption of Learning Management Systems: An Empirical Investigation in the Higher Education Context
FINDIK COŞKUNÇAY, Duygu; Alkis, Nurcan; Özkan Yıldırım, Sevgi (2018-04-01)
With the recent advances in information technologies, Learning Management Systems have taken on a significant role in providing educational resources. The successful use of these systems in higher education is important for the implementation, management and continuous improvement of e-learning services to increase the quality of learning. This study aimed to identify the factors affecting higher education students' behavioral intention towards Learning Management Systems. A research model was proposed base...
The Influence of Pair Programming on Secondary School Students’ Confidence and Achievement in Computer Programming
Çal, Habibe; Can, Gülfidan (2020-01-01)
The purpose of this embedded case study is to explore the possible influence of pair programming on secondary school students’ confidence and achievement in computer programming. A total of 35 students in a fifth-grade class were divided into individual (n=13) and pair programmers (n=22), who then used Scratch programming activities during an eight week implementation. Qualitative data were collected with interviews and quantitative data were collected with a confidence questionnaire and rubrics. Content an...
The use of pair programming in education: a systematic review
Tunga, Yeliz; Tokel, Saniye Tuğba (null; 2018-12-01)
Pair programming is a technique used to teach programming in software engineering departments since the early 2000s. Considering an increasing necessity and significance of programming skills in this digital age, pair programming technique has prominent potential to support teaching programming skills. Based on this reason, a systematic literature review focused on the use of pair programming in educational contexts was conducted. For this purpose, 18 peer-reviewed articles from 2014 to 2018 were examined i...
The Effects of Mathematics on Programming Skills and its Retention: An Experimental Study
Altın, Rukiye; Tokel, Saniye Tuğba; Delialioğlu, Ömer (2021-10-01)
The focus on Computer Science Education at the K-12 level has been increasingly highlighted due to today’s need for a populace with computational thinking skills, in addition to the expansion of careers related to computing and computer science. Programming helps facilitate students’ examination of the nature of a problem and helps students to increase their computational thinking, problem-solving and higher-order thinking skills through the combination of multiple disciplines in areas such as science, the ...
Using collaboration diagrams in component oriented modelin
Tuncel, Mehmet Burhan; Doğru, Ali Hikmet; Department of Computer Engineering (2006)
Component Oriented Software Engineering (COSE) seems to be the future of software engineering. Currently, COSEML is the only modeling language that completely supports the COSE approach. Abstract decomposition of the system and their representing components are shown in a hierarchy diagram to support the COSE process model. In COSEML, only static modeling is supported through this single diagram. However, software is about behavior and static modeling is not sufficient to describe the system. The aim of thi...
Citation Formats
C. Yurdagül, “The Effect of flipped classroom as a teaching strategy on undergraduate students’ self-efficacy, engagement and attitude in a computer programming course,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2018.