Fears of children and adolescents and their relation to individual characteristics and contextual factors: a cross-sequential study

Serim Yıldız, Begüm
The purpose of the present study was to compare fears of children and adolescents from different age populations (2010-2017) and generations (1999-2002) through a cross- sequential design (a combination of cross-sectional and longitudinal designs) and to examine the relationship between the life events experienced by same age population over years. The sample of the study consisted of two data sets from 2010 with 1315 children and adolescents (642 female and 673 male) and 2017 with 1248 children and adolescents (611 female and 637 male). Turkish version of Fear Survey Schedule (FSSC-TR), checklist of life events and a demographic information form were used to collect data. To reach the aims of the study, after confirming previously suggested factor structure for FSSC-TR (Serim, 2010), contemporary fears of Turkish children and adolescents with regard to gender, age and SES; change in the fears of children with regard to data collection year; most common fears for age, gender and SES groups; change in the fears of childrens with regard to birth cohorts and relationship of children’s fears to life events were examined. Results showed changes in fears of children. Although religious fears are still common, frequency of endorsement of terror- related items are in an increase which is an evidence of the impact of cultural practices as well as the negative life events the society experiencing.


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The purpose of the current study is to predict parenting styles from child and maternal temperamental characteristics in the scope of Goodness of Fit Theory. Participants were the mothers and teachers of 3 and 4 year-old children recruited from childcare centres in the low, middle and high class communities in Ankara. Mothers completed the scales assessing child temperament, adult temperament and parenting attitudes. Teachers completed the child temperament questionnaire. Three sets of hierarchical multiple...
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The present study aimed to investigate the common fears and their origins among children and adolescents from different age, gender, and socioeconomic levels (SES). The sample was comprised of 642 females (48.8%) and 673 males (51.2%) with a total of 1,315 participants aged between 8 and 18 (M = 13.15; SD = 3.18). The Fear interview was utilised to examine the common fears and the role of conditioning, modelling and negative information in the development of children's fears. The result showed that the most...
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The aim of this study is to examine the nature and severity of children and adolescents fears with regard to age, gender and socioeconomic status in Turkey. 1315 children and adolescents (642 females and 673 males) between the ages of 8 and 18 from low and middle socioeconomic status were administered Turkish version of Fear Survey Schedule for Children (Serim-Yildiz & Erdur-Baker, in press). Female children at age 8 coming from low socioeconomic status reported the highest fear scores for all fear factors,...
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The present study aimed 1) to examine possible influences of demographic variables (i.e., age, gender, marital status, sibling number, mother’s education, father’s education) on the various measures of the study (i.e., schema domains, self-orientations, and well-being measures i.e. depression, positive affect, negative affect, and reassurance-seeking); 2) to examine the differences of schema domains on self-orientations of Balanced Integration Differentiation Model and also on well-being, and 3) to analyse ...
Citation Formats
B. Serim Yıldız, “Fears of children and adolescents and their relation to individual characteristics and contextual factors: a cross-sequential study,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2018.