Sibling bullying and peer bullying relations to empathy, moral disengagament, problem solving, and parental acceptance-rejection

Kandemir Özdinç, Nasibe
This study aimed to investigate the relationships between parental (parental acceptance-rejection), personal (empathy, moral disengagement, problem solving) factors, and sibling bullying; and also peer bullying through sibling bullying. A structural equation model which theoretically based on Social Cognitive Theory and Parental Acceptance-Rejection Theory was tested. Elementary school children (n=716) enrolled in 4th and 5th grades (51.5% were boys) were the participants. Revised-Sibling Bullying Questionnaire, Peer Relations Questionnaire, Moral Disengagement Scale, KASI Empathic Tendency Scale, Problem Solving Inventory for Children and Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire were the data collection instruments of this study along with a demographic information form. The applicability of the integration of Social Cognitive Theory and Parental Acceptance-Rejection Theory as a theoretical framework in understanding sibling and peer bullying was supported by the tested SEM model. The results of SEM revealed the support for hypothesized model that children have higher levels of parental rejection perception showed also higher levels of moral disengagement; whereas, lower levels of empathic tendency and problem solving skills which resulted in higher levels of both sibling and peer bullying behaviors. In addition, sibling bullying was found to be significantly and positively related to peer bullying. Results were discussed in the light of the relevant literature, and in addition to implications for theory, research and practice; the recommendations for the further studies were introduced.