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Familialization of care arrangements in Turkey: questioning the social inclusion of ‘the invisible’

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2018-10-01
<p>This paper examines the dynamics of care arrangements for children,</p><p>persons with disabilities (PWD), and the elderly, who constitute</p><p>the group of ‘the invisible’ in social policy in Turkey. The</p><p>invisibility of these three groups stems from their systematic,</p><p>consistent and diffuse exclusion from the social, political and</p><p>economic life of the country. The context of social inclusion policies</p><p>for these groups in Turkey presents a challenge to assess their</p><p>implications in three important respects: (I) the lack of data concerning</p><p>these groups, (II) the lack of policy tools and instruments</p><p>assessing the existing assistance and services for these groups, to</p><p>allow comparative evaluations, and (III) general orientation of care</p><p>services and policies towards families, therefore not targeting the</p><p>direct correspondents of these policies. This paper outlines existing</p><p>care policies for children, PWD and the elderly in Turkey, with a</p><p>view to assessing their implications for promoting social inclusion,</p><p>in two different aspects. While social inclusion literature is predominantly</p><p>focused on the implication of social policies for the carereceivers,</p><p>this paper examines the social inclusion implications of</p><p>care policies also for those who are traditionally assigned the role</p><p>of caregiver, namely, women. The latter dimension is a consequence</p><p>of the increasing familialization of care policies in Turkey,</p><p>which leads to the exclusion of women from economic and social</p><p>life, thus reproducing the invisibility of these three groups while</p><p>sustaining an overarching invisibility, that of women.</p>