Upregulation of multi drug resistance genes in doxorubicin resistant human acute myelogeneous leukemia cells and reversal of the resistance

Guer, Bala
Kaya, Pelin
Ural, Ali Ugur
Avcu, Ferit
Gündüz, Ufuk
The major problem in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients results from multidrug resistance to administered anticancer agents. Drug resistance proteins, MDR1 and MRP1, which work as drug efflux pumps, can mediate the multidrug resistance of human leukemia cells. In this study, the mechanisms of resistance to doxorubicin-induced cell death in human HL60 AML cells were examined.


Expression of Multidrug Resistance 1, Lung Resistance Protein and Breast Cancer Resistance Protein Genes in Chronic Leukemias
Iseri, Ozlem D.; Kars, Meltem D.; Mutlu, Pelin; Avcu, Ferit; Ural, Ali U.; Gündüz, Ufuk (2011-01-01)
One of the major problems in treatment of leukemias is multidrug resistance, which is already present at diagnosis or develops after chemotherapy. The gene expression levels of multidrug resistance resistance 1 (MDR1), breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) and lung resistance-resistance protein (LRP) were evaluated in blood samples of 20 CLL and 24 CML patients using RT-PCR. MDR1, BCRP and LRP expression levels were detected in 65%, 20% and 45% of CLL patients, and in 54%, 37% and 25% of CML patients, res...
Targeting glucosylceramide synthase sensitizes imatinib-resistant chronic myeloid leukemia cells via endogenous ceramide accumulation
BARAN, YUSUF; Bielawski, Jacek; Gündüz, Ufuk; Ogretmen, Besim (2011-10-01)
Purpose Drug resistance presents a major obstacle for the treatment of some patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Pro-apoptotic ceramide mediates imatinib-induced apoptosis, and metabolism of ceramide by glucosylceramide synthase (GCS) activity, converting ceramide to glucosyl ceramide, might contribute to imatinib resistance. In this study, we investigated the role of ceramide metabolism by GCS in the regulation of imatinib-induced apoptosis in drug-sensitive and drug-resistant K562 and K562/IMA-0....
Effect of cobalt-60 (gamma radiation) on multidrug-resistant multiple myeloma cell lines
Mutlu, Pelin; Ural, A. Ugur; Avcu, Ferit; Dirican, Bahar; Beyzadeoglu, Murat; Gündüz, Ufuk (2011-07-01)
Emergence of resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy is a major obstacle for the successful treatment of MM (multiple myeloma). Prednisone, vincristine and melphalan are commonly used chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of MM. In the current study, we examined the presence of possible cross-resistance between these drugs and gamma (gamma) radiation. Prednisone, vincristine and melphalan resistant RPMI-8226 and U-266 MM cells were generated by stepwise increasing concentrations of the drugs. The se...
Reversal of multidrug resistance in mcf-7 breast adenocarcinoma cell line by silencing interleukin 6 with RNA interference
Çakmak, Neşe; Gündüz, Ufuk; Department of Biology (2013)
Multidrug resistance (MDR) in cancer is characterized by development of resistance to several unrelated drugs upon long time administration of a certain type of chemotherapeutic agent. In doxorubicin resistant MCF-7 cell line, resistance is developed mainly by upregulation of MDR1 gene which encodes an ABC transporter protein known as P-glycoprotein. Interleukin 6 (IL-6) is a cytokine which acts as a growth factor for certain cell types including some cancer cells. IL-6 is found at high levels in cancer pat...
Multidrug Resistance Mediated by MRP1 Gene Overexpression in Breast Cancer Patients
Abaan, Ogan Demir; Mutlu, Pelin; Baran, Yusuf; Atalay, Can; Gündüz, Ufuk (2009-01-01)
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a serious handicap towards the effective treatment of breast cancer patients. One of the most prevalent MDR mechanisms is through the overexpression of genes coding the proteins called Multidrug Resistance-associated Proteins (MRPs). The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of MRP1 in tumor tissues from breast cancer patients. In this study, a semi-quantitative RT-PCR approach was utilized. Our results suggest that MRP1 overexpression can mediate MDR in patients....
Citation Formats
Y. BARAN, B. Guer, P. Kaya, A. U. Ural, F. Avcu, and U. Gündüz, “Upregulation of multi drug resistance genes in doxorubicin resistant human acute myelogeneous leukemia cells and reversal of the resistance,” HEMATOLOGY, pp. 511–517, 2007, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/30738.