Biohydrogen production from beet molasses by sequential dark and photofermentation

Ozgur, Ebru
Mars, Astrid E.
Peksel, Beguem
Louwerse, Annemarie
Yucel, Meral
Gündüz, Ufuk
Claassen, Pieternel A. M.
Eroglu, Inci
Biological hydrogen production using renewable resources is a promising possibility to generate hydrogen in a sustainable way. In this study, a sequential dark and photofermentation has been employed for biohydrogen production using sugar beet molasses as a feedstock. An extreme thermophile Caldicellulosiruptor saccharolyticus was used for the dark fermentation, and several photosynthetic bacteria (Rhodobacter capsulatus wild type, R. capsulatus hup(-) mutant, and Rhodopseudomonas palustris) were used for the photofermentation. C. saccharolyticus was grown in a pH-controlled bioreactor, in batch mode, on molasses with an initial sucrose concentration of 15 g/L. The influence of additions of NH4+ and yeast extract on sucrose consumption and hydrogen production was determined. The highest hydrogen yield (4.2 mol of H-2/mol sucrose) and maximum volumetric productivity (7.1 mmol H-2/L-c.h) were obtained in the absence of NH4+. The effluent of the dark fermentation containing no NH4+ was fed to a photobioreactor, and hydrogen production was monitored under continuous illumination, in batch mode. Productivity and yield were improved by dilution of the dark fermentor effluent (DFE) and the additions of buffer, iron-citrate and sodium molybdate. The highest hydrogen yield (58% of the theoretical hydrogen yield of the consumed organic acids) and productivity (1.37 mmol H-2/L-c.h) were attained using the hup(-) mutant of R. capsulatus. The overall hydrogen yield from sucrose increased from the maximum of 4.2 mol H-2/mol sucrose in dark fermentation to 13.7 mol H-2/mol sucrose (corresponding to 57% of the theoretical yield of 24 mol of H-2/mole of sucrose) by sequential dark and photofermentation. (C) 2009 Professor T. Nejat Veziroglu. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Biohydrogen production by Rhodobacter capsulatus on acetate at fluctuating temperatures
Ozgur, Ebru; Uyar, Basar; Ozturk, Yavuz; Yucel, Meral; Gündüz, Ufuk; Eroglu, Inci (2010-03-01)
Hydrogen is a clean energy alternative to fossil fuels. Photosynthetic bacteria produce hydrogen from organic compounds under anaerobic, nitrogen-limiting conditions through a light-dependent electron transfer process. In this study, the hydrogen production efficiency of phototrophic bacteria, Rhodobacter capsulatus and its Hup mutant strain (an uptake hydrogenase deleted strain) were tested on different initial acetate concentrations at fluctuating temperatures with indoor and outdoor photobioreactors. Ace...
Potential use of thermophilic dark fermentation effluents in photofermentative hydrogen production by Rhodobacter capsulatus
Ozgur, Ebru; Afsar, Nilufer; de Vrije, Truus; Yucel, Meral; Gündüz, Ufuk; Claassen, Pieternel A. M.; Eroglu, Inci (2010-01-01)
Biological hydrogen production by a sequential operation of dark and photofermentation is a promising route to produce hydrogen. The possibility of using renewable resources, like biomass and agro-industrial wastes, provides a dual effect of sustainability in biohydrogen production and simultaneous waste removal. In this study, photofermentative hydrogen production on effluents of thermophilic dark fermentations on glucose, potato steam peels (PSP) hydrolysate and molasses was investigated in indoor, batch ...
Biohydrogen production in an outdoor panel photobioreactor on dark fermentation effluent of molasses
Avcioglu, Sevler Gokce; Ozgur, Ebru; Eroglu, Inci; Yucel, Meral; Gündüz, Ufuk (2011-08-01)
Hydrogen is regarded as an ideal energy carrier if it is produced from renewable resources such as biomass. Sequential operation of dark and photofermentation allows a highly efficient production of hydrogen from biomass, as maximal conversion of the energy in the carbohydrates to hydrogen can be achieved. In this study photofermentative hydrogen production was carried out in a solar panel photobioreactor by Rhodobacter capsulatus wild type (DSM 1710) and Rhodobacter capsulatus hup(-) (YO3) strain on the mo...
Photofermentative hydrogen production from molasses in tubular photobioreactor with pH control
Oflaz, Fatma Betül; Koku, Harun; Department of Chemical Engineering (2019)
Biological hydrogen production has the potential to supply hydrogen from various wastes as feedstock and operation under ambient conditions. In order to obtain cost effective production, photobioreactors (PBRs) that can operate for long durations while utilizing waste are necessary. Two primary issues limiting the duration are decrease in pH and the non-optimal C/N ratio. The main aim of this study was to construct and operate a pH control system for a pilot scale photobioreactor (20 L) to achieve prolonged...
Biohydrogen production by immobilized purple nonsulfur bacteria
Sağır, Emrah; Yücel, Ayşe Meral; Koku, Harun; Department of Biochemistry (2018)
Biological hydrogen production by purple non-sulfur bacteria is an attractive route to build a large scale hydrogen production system in outdoor natural conditions from various renewable sources. In this study, biological hydrogen production was carried out by agar immobilized purple non-sulfur bacteria in indoor and outdoor conditions. A novel photobioreactor (1.4 L volume) was built and operated continuously for 20 to 64 days in sequential batch mode for long-term hydrogen production using agar-immobilize...
Citation Formats
E. Ozgur et al., “Biohydrogen production from beet molasses by sequential dark and photofermentation,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, pp. 511–517, 2010, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: