Systematically organized nanopillar arrays reveal differences in adhesion and alignment properties of BMSC and Saos-2 cells

Ozcelik, Hayriye
Padeste, Celestino
Hasırcı, Vasıf Nejat
Polymeric test surfaces of P(L-D,L)LA and of a P(L-D,L)LA:PLGA blend decorated with 25 nanopillar covered fields, were used to investigate differences in growth of bone marrow stem cells (BMSC) and osteosarcoma cells (Saos-2). The fields were populated with pillars (ca. 900 nm tall, 200 nm x 200 nm area) separated systematically from each other with 1-10 mu m gaps. Saos-2 cells populated fields decorated with pillars 1 mu m apart but they avoided pillar-free surfaces. In contrast, BMSCs avoided fields with interpillar distances <2 mu m. Both BMSCs and Saos-2 cells aligned in the direction of the shorter distance when at least one of the interpillar distances was greater than 1.5 mu m. Coating the P(L-D,L)LA surfaces with cell adhesive protein fibronectin enabled the BMSC to populate fields with high pillar density which they had avoided when uncoated. Decreasing the stiffness of the film surface by using a blend of (P(L-D,L)LA and PLGA) made them more acceptable for attachment by the BMSC cells.


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Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) are pluripotent cells that can differentiate into a variety of non-hematopoietic tissues. They also maintain healthy heamatopoiesis by providing supportive cellular microenvironment into BM. In this thesis, MSCs were characterized in terms of their morphological, immunophenotypical and differentiation properties. Then, they were examined by attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy together with hierarchical clustering, and FT...
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Özçelik, Hayriye; Hasırcı, Vasıf Nejat; Padeste, Calestino; Department of Biology (2012)
Micro and nanopatterned surfaces are powerful experimental platforms for investigating the mechanisms of cell adhesion, cell orientation, differentiation and they enable significant contributions to the fields of basic cell and stem cell biology, and tissue engineering. In this study, interaction between micro and nanopatterned polymeric surfaces and different cell types was investigated. Three types of micropillars were produced by photolithography (Type 1-3), while nanometer sized pillars were produced in...
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The aim of this research was to investigate the osteogenic differentiation potential of non-invasively obtained human stem cells on collagen nanocomposite scaffolds with in situ-grown calcium phosphate crystals. The foams had 70% porosity and pore sizes varying in the range 50-200 mu m. The elastic modulus and compressive strength of the calcium phosphate containing collagen scaffolds were determined to be 234.5 kPa and 127.1 kPa, respectively, prior to in vitro studies. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) obtain...
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Recent researches have mainly displayed the significant role of stem cells in tissue renewal and homeostasis with their unique capacity to develop different cell types. These findings have clarified the importance of stem cells to improve the effectiveness of any cell therapy for regenerative medicine. Identification of purity and differentiation stages of stem cells are the greatest challenges of stem cell biology and regenerative medicine. The existing methods to carefully monitor and characterize the ste...
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Intestinal epithelial differentiation entails the formation of highly specialized cells with specific absorptive, secretory, digestive and immune functions. Cell-cell and cell-microenvironment interactions appear to be crucial in determining the outcome of the differentiation process. Using the Caco-2 cell line that can undergo spontaneous differentiation when grown past confluency, we observed a loss of VCAM1 (vascular cell adhesion molecule-1) expression while ICAM1 (intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1...
Citation Formats
H. Ozcelik, C. Padeste, and V. N. Hasırcı, “Systematically organized nanopillar arrays reveal differences in adhesion and alignment properties of BMSC and Saos-2 cells,” COLLOIDS AND SURFACES B-BIOINTERFACES, pp. 71–81, 2014, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: