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Cibacron Blue F3GA-incorporated macroporous poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) affinity membranes for heavy metal removal

Denizli, A
Salih, B
Arica, MY
Kesenci, K
Hasırcı, Vasıf Nejat
Piskin, E
Macroporous poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate), poly(HEMA), membranes were prepared by UV-initiated photo-polymerization of HEMA in the presence of an initiator (azobisisobutyronitrile, AIBN). An affinity dye, i.e., Cibacron Blue F3GA was then incorporated covalently. These affinity membranes with a swelling ratio of 58%, and carrying 10.67 mmol Cibacron Blue F3GA/m(2) membrane were used in the adsorption/desorption of some selected heavy metal ions [i.e., As(III), Cd(II) and Pb(II)] from aqueous media. Very high adsorption rates were observed and adsorption equilibria were reached in about 30 min. The maximum adsorptions of heavy metal ions onto the dye-incorporated affinity membranes from their single solutions were 12.6 mmol/m(2) for As(III), 61.0 mol/m(2) for Cd(II) and 79.0 mol/m(2) for Pb(II), However, when the heavy metal ions competed (in the case of the adsorption from their mixture) the amounts of adsorption for As(III), Cd(II) and Pb(II) were quite close. Desorption of heavy metal ions was carried out by using 0.1 M HNO3 (pH 1.0). Up to 95% of the adsorbed heavy metal ions were desorbed in 60 min. Repeated adsorption/desorption cycles showed the feasibility of this novel affinity membrane for heavy metal removal.